Himachal Pradesh

Notes, Himachal

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Himachal Pradesh is the northernmost state of India.

Himachal shares its boundary with 4 states – Punjab, Hariyana, Uttrakhand, and Uttar Pradesh and with 2 union territories – Leh and Jammu Kashmir.

Himachal is a land of Devi Devtas (local gods) for which it is called DEV BHOOMI

  • Himachal was formed on 15th April 1948 by merging Mandi, Suket, Chamba, Sirmaur, and 26 other smaller states (celebrated as Himachal Day).
  • The name Himachal was given by Acharya Diwakar Datt Sharma
  • The State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed on 18 December 1970 by the parliament and the Himachal became India’s 18th state on 25th January 1971. (celebrated as Himachal’s statehood day)

The population of Himachal is – 6,864,602 in which 3,481,873 are males and 3,382,729 are females. (Census of India 2011)

Capital of Himachal Pradesh

Himachal is a state with 2 capitals

  • Shimla
  • Dharmshala

Shimla was the first capital of Himachal later on 19 January 2017 Dharmshala becomes the winter capital of Himachal Pradesh.

Himachal Pradesh Map

MapHimachal 1

State Symbols

State Animal : Snow Leopard

Snow leopard is the state animal of Himachal Pradesh. The snow leopard (panthera uncia) is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central and South Asia.
It is listed as endangered on the International Union Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species. Snow leopards have long, thick fur, and their base colour varies from smoky grey to yellowish tan, with whitish underparts.

State Bird : Jujurana

Jujurana (Western Tragopan) is the state bird of Himachal Pradesh.
Western Tragopan was chosen keeping in view its beauty and decreasing number in Himachal Pradesh.
Western Tragopan is popularly known as the ‘King of the Birds’. It was accorded the status
of state bird of Himachal Pradesh in 2007.

State Tree : Deodar

Deodar (Cedrus deodara) is the state tree of Himachal Pradesh. The specific epithet ‘Deodara’ is derived from Sanskrit ‘Devadaru’, refers to ‘Tree of the Gods’ or ‘timber of the gods’, another opinion suggests that the word ‘Deodar’ is derived from a historical Indian State.
It is the strongest Indian coniferous wood owing to its anti-fungal, insect-repellent and anti-bacterial properties. It uses as valuable construction material.

State Flower : Pink Rhododendron

Pink rhododendron is the state flower of Himachal Pradesh. It is a very beautiful flower with pink coloured petals. Its botanical name is rhododendron campanulatum. According to the reports of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), pink rhododendron comes under the endangered species of flower.

Figures (2011)

Latitude:30o 22’ 40″ N to 33o 12’ 40″ N
Longitude:75o 45’ 55″ E to 79o 04’ 20″ E
Height (sea Level):350 meter to 6975 meter
Population68,64,602 persons
Geographical Area55,673 sq. km
Density (per sq. Km.) 123
Females972(per 1000)
Birth Rate [2002]:22.1(per 1000)
Death Rate [2002]:7.2(per 1000)

Administrative Structure

 State Capital: Shimla
No. of Districts:12
No. of Tehsils:169
No of Divisions:3
No. of Sub Divisions:71
No. of Police Stations:129
No. of Blocks :78
No. of Urban Local Bodies:54
No. of Gram Panchayats:3226
No. of Villages:20690
No. of Towns:59
No. of Parliament Constituencies:
      Lok Sabha:4
      Rajya Sabha:3
No. of Assembly Constituencies:68

Development Indicators

Per Capita Income (at current rates):Rs. 130067
Literacy [2011]:82.80 %
      Male:89.53 %
      Female:75.93 %
Total Villages Electrified:100 %
Health Institutions:3919
Motorable Roads:36049 Kms.
Food Grain Production:1619 Metric Tones
Fruit Production:928787 Tonnes
Sex Ratio:972


Net Area Sown:543365 Hects.

FOREST COVER [1996-97]

Reserved Forests Area:1896 sq. km.
Protected Forests Area:33129.7 sq. km.
Unclassed Forest Area:886.23 sq. km.
Other Forests Area:369.49 sq. km.
Forests not under the control of forest Deptt.:749.58 sq. km.
No. of Wild Life Sanctuaries:30

Other details

Average Rainfall:1469 mm
State Animal:Snow Leopard
State Bird:Western Tragopan
State Flower:Pink Rhododendron
State Language:Hindi & Local Dialects

First in Himachal Pradesh

First Chief CommissionerShri NC Mehta
First Deputy Chief CommissionerShri EP Moon
First Lt GovernorMajor General Himmat Singh
First GovernorShri S Chakravarti
First Woman GovernorSmt Sheila Kaul
First Chief MinisterDr YS Parmar
First Chief JusticeMr Justice Mirza Hameedullah Beg
First Woman Chief JusticeMrs Leela Seth
First Speaker of Vidhan SabhaPandit Jaiwant Ram
First Woman Speaker of Vidhan SabhaSmt Vidya Stokes
First Deputy Speaker of Vidhan SabhaShri Krishna Chander
First Chief SecretaryKL Mehta
First LokayuktaJustice TVR Tatachari
First Woman Minister in the Union CabinetRajkumari Amrit Kaur (Health Minister)
First Member of the Rajya SabhaShri Chiranji Lal Verma
First Winner of Param Vir ChakraMajor Somnath Sharma
First Winner of Mahavir CharkraLt Col Kaman Singh
First Winner of Vir ChakraHavildar Topge
First IT Park in Himachal PradeshMauja Majhol (Wakhanaghat)
First person from Himachal Pradesh to
become Chief Justice of India (CJI)
Justice Mehr Chand Mahajan
First Chairman of Himachal Pradesh Public Service
Lt General KS Katoch

Himachal Pradesh CM (Chief Minister)

Yashwant Singh Parmar (UT)01 Jul 196325 Jan 1971
Yashwant Singh Parmar25 Jan 197128 Jan 1977
Thakur Ram Lal28 Jan 197730 Apr 1977
President’s rule30 Apr 197722 Jun 1977
Shanta Kumar22 Jun 197714 Feb 1980
Thakur Ram Lal14 Feb 198007 Apr 1983
Virbhadra Singh08 Apr 198305 Mar 1990
Shanta Kumar05 Mar 199015 Dec 1992
President’s rule15 Dec 199203 Dec 1993
Virbhadra Singh03 Dec 199323 Mar 1998
Prem Kumar Dhumal24 Mar 199805 Mar 2003
Virbhadra Singh06 Mar 200330 Dec 2007
Prem Kumar Dhumal30 Dec 200725 Dec 2012
Virbhadra Singh25 Dec 201227 Dec 2017
Jai Ram Thakur27 Dec 201711 Dec 2022
Sukhvinder Singh Sukhu11 Dec 2022

Himachal Pradesh Districts

Himachal has 12 districts

  1. Bilaspur
  2. Chamba
  3. Hamirpur
  4. Kangra
  5. Kinnaur
  6. Kullu
  7. Lahaul & Spiti
  8. Mandi
  9. Shimla
  10. Sirmaur
  11. Solan
  12. Una

Himachal Pradesh Rivers

There are 5 main rivers in Himachal Pradesh

  1. Satluj River
  2. Beas River
  3. Ravi River
  4. Chenab River
  5. Yamuna River

Click here for more Himachal Pradesh Rivers

Himachal Pradesh Lakes

Man-made lakes in Himachal Pradesh

  1. Gobind Sagar Lake
  2. Pong Dam Lake
  3. Pandoh Dam Lake
  4. Chamera Lake

Natural lakes of Himachal Pradesh

  1. Manimahesh Lake
  2. Ghadasaru Lake
  3. Khajjiar Lake
  4. Lama dal Lake
  5. Chanderkup Lake
  6. Dal Lake
  7. Kareri Lake
  8. Machhiyal Lake
  9. Kumaarwah Lake
  10. Parashar Lake
  11. Rewalsar Lake
  12. Kamrunag Lake
  13. Mantilai Lake : –
  14. Dashar lake
  15. Sarwalsar/Sareulsar lake
  16. Suraj Tal Lake
  17. Chandra Tal lake
  18. Neelkanth lake
  19. Chandra Nahan lake
  20. Karali lake
  21. Bradonsar lake
  22. Sorang lake
  23. Nako Lake
  24. Renuka lake
  25. Saketi/Suketi lake

Click here for more – Himachal Pradesh Lakes

Universities in Himachal Pradesh

  • Himachal Pradesh University (1970) – Shimla
  • CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya (1978) – Palampur
  • Dr Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry (1985) – Solan
  • Central University of Himachal Pradesh (2009) – Kangra
  • Himachal Pradesh Technical University (2010) – Hamirpur
  • Himachal Pradesh National Law University (2016) – Shimla

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