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Rivers in Himachal Pradesh

Notes, Himachal

1. Satluj River 

Vedic name of Satluj River – Sutudri

Sanskrit name of Satluj River – Shatadru

Origin of Satluj River- Rakas Tal / Rakshas Tal  in  Tibet

Length of Satluj River in  Himachal- 320 km  (total  length 1448 km)

The catchment area of Satluj River in Himachal- 20000 sq km

Tributaries of Satluj River- Spiti ropa taiti kashan g mulgao n yula wanger rupi baspa soldan g duling  throng tirung gayant hing nogli mulgao n ali gambar seer imla  vimla bhava soan

Spiti river joins it at  Namgya / Khab  (Kinnaur district). 
Baspa river joins it at karcham near Kalpa. 
Nogli Khad joins it below Rampur Bushehr.

Dam on Satjuj River – Bhakra Dam, Kol Dam, Nathpa Jhakri (Sjvnl) Dam

Satluj River map

satluj river map 1
Source

Salient features of Satluj River-

  • It is known as Longchen khabag in Tibet.
  • It is known as Heisidrus in  Greek.
  • Other names of Satluj river are Muksang, Zungri.
  • Satluj river is the largest river in Himachal.
  • Satluj river enters Himachal at  Shipki la in Kinnaur.
  • Satluj river flows in Kinnaur,  Shimla, Kullu, mandi,  solan & Bilaspur districts of Himachal Pradesh.
  • Prominent places on Satluj river’s bank – Nangiya, Kalpa, Rampur, Tattapani, Sunni,  Bilaspur.
  • Spiti river leaves Kinnaur district & enters Shimla district at Chauhra, enters Mandi at Firnu, enters Bilaspur at  Kasol, and leaves Himachal at  Bhakra village to enter Punjab. 
  • It divides Himachal  Pradesh into 2 halves – also known as red/yellow river.

2. Beas River

Vedic name of Beas river- Arjikiya

Sanskrit name of Beas river- Vipasha

Origin of Beas river- Beas kund (in pir panjal ranges) near rohtang  pass

Length of Beas river in  Himachal- 256 km (total length 460 km)

The catchment area of Beas river in Himachal- 1200 sq  km

Tributeries of Beas river- parbati sainj tirthan manala su  malana suketi  bangan ga  baner luni  manuni harla uhl  solang  neugal gaj  chakki awa  hansa son  patlikuhl  phojal  sarvari binwa spin  kunah  hatheli  bakar maan  sujan dehar  chhonc h

Dam on Beas River – Largi Dam, Pandoh Dam, Pong Dam

Beas River Map

beas river map 1
Source

Salient features of Beas river-

  • The Greek name of Beas River – Hyphasis 
  • Beas River flows in districts Kullu, mandi, Hamirpur, Kangra 
  • Beas Riverenters mandi at Bajaura 
  • Beas River enters Kangra at Sandhol & leaves it  near Mirthal 
  • Prominent places at Beas River’s bank – Kullu, Manali, Mandi(on its  left bank), Nadaun, Sujanpur Tihra, Pandoh, Dehra and Gopipur 
  • Parvati river is the largest  tributary of the Beas river &  meets the Beas river at Shamshi / Bhunter 
  • Sainj & Tirthan meet  Beas river at Larji (district  mandi) – Kangra & Kangra fort  are situated on the  bank of Banganga

3. Ravi River

Vedic name of Ravi river – Purushani

Sanskrit name of Ravi river – Iravati

Origin of Ravi river – Bara Bhangal (distt. kangra) as a joint stream  formed by Badal and  Tenggiri streams

Length of Ravi river in  Himachal – 158 km (total  length  720 km)

The catchment area of the Ravi river in Himachal – 5451 sq  km

Tributeries of Ravi river- badal tenggiri baira siul budhil tundah a-n baljehdi chirchi nd-nala saho chatrari

Dam on Ravi River – Baira Siul Dam, Bassi Dam, Chamera I Dam, Chamera II Dam, Chamera III Dam, Karchham-Wangtoo Dam, Malana I Dam, Sawra- Kuddu Dam

Ravi River Map

Ravi river map 1
Source

Salient features of Ravi river-

  • The Greek name of the Ravi river – Hydraster 
  • Prominent places on Ravi river’s bank – Chamba (on the right bank), Bharmour. 
  • Ravi river leaves Chamba at  Kheri to enter Punjab – flows through  Kangra, Chamba.

4. Chenab River

Vedic name of Chenab river- Asikni

Sanskrit name of Chenab river – Chandrabhaga

Origin of Chenab river – formed by the confluence of  Chandra & Bhaga streams  (at Tandi) which rise from opposite sides of  Baralacha la pass in Lahaul Spiti.

Length of Chenab river in  Himachal – 122 km  (total  length 1200 km)

The catchment area of Chenab river in Himachal – 7500 sq km

Tributaries of Chenab river – Chandra Bhaga, Miyar, Saichar, Tavi

Chenab River Map

chenab river map 1
Source

Salient features of Chenab river –

  • Chenab river is the largest river in Himachal in terms of water density/volume of water. 
  • Chenab river flows through Lahaul Spiti and Chamba.
  • Chenab river enters Chamba at  Bhujind & leaves at Sansari Nala to enter Poddar valley of Kashmir – also known as Ashiqan da Dariya.

5. Yamuna River

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Vedic name of Yamuna river – Kalindi

Origin of Yamuna river – Yamunotri, Garhwal hills, Uttarakhand.

Length of Yamuna river in Himachal – 22km (total length  1525 km).

The catchment area of Yamuna river in Himachal – 2320 sq km.

Tributaries of Yamuna river – Tons, Patsari,  Pabbar, Giri,  Markan da Jalal,

Yamuna River Map

Yamuna river map 1
Ṣource

Salient features of Yamuna river-

  • Smallest & easternmost river of  Himachal.
  • Mythical relation to the sun ( also known as Suryasuta i.e. daughter of the sun). 
  • Yamuna river enters Himachal Pradesh at Khodra  Majri and leaves at  Tajewala to enter Haryana (both in Distt Sirmour). 
  • Bank city of Yamuna river – Paonta  sahib.

River map of Himachal Pradesh

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Source

Additional facts about rivers in Himachal Pradesh

  1. Swan River (known as ‘River of Sorrows’) in Una district – also known as the sorrow of Una/ som Bhadra—divided Una into 2 parts.
  2. Out of these 5 major rivers- the origin of 2 outside Himachal. 
  3. Tons river is formed by the confluence of Rupin & Supin streams at Naitwar (in Uttarakhand) & joins the Yamuna river at Kalsi.
  4. Patsari & Andhra rivers are tributaries of the Pabbar river (Chander Nahan lake) which itself is a tributary of tons. 
  5. Giri River (Kuppar peak, Jubbal)  divides Sirmour into 2 halves ( cis & trans-Giri). 
  6. Bata, Asni & Jalal rivers are tributaries of the Giri river.
  7. Nahan is situated on the bank of the Markanda river. 
  8. Jalal river originates from the Dharati ranges.  
  9. Giri river merges with Yamuna river at Mokkampur (Paonta sahib). 
  10. Spiti river originates from Kunzum la ( a mountain pass connecting Lahaul to Spiti). 
  11. Manikaran, Kheerganga & Kasol have located on the bank of the river Parvati. 
  12. Ranjit Sagar dam on Ravi river. 
  13. Jalandhar – doab is situated between the Beas River and Sutlej Rivers.

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