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Mandi District

Notes, Himachal

Formed as a districtApril 15, 1948, AD
District headquarterMandi
Total area3950 Sq. Kilometers (07.09%)
Population density253 (in 2011)
Literacy rate81.53% (2011)
Population9,99,777(14.56%, 2011
Rural population9,36,894 (93.74%, 2011)
Sex Ratio1007 (in 2011)
Child sex ratio916 (in 2011)
Decadal growth rate10.92% (2001-2011)
Total village3338 (Abad Village-2833)
Gram panchayats559
Subdivision10
Tehsils17
Sub-tehsils11
Development Section11
Assembly Area10

The district of Mandi also known as Choti Kashi was formed on 15th April 1948 by merging the two princely states of Suket and Mandi.

Geographical location – Mandi is a district located in the central part of Himachal Pradesh. It is situated between 31° 13′ 50″ to 32° 04′ 30″ North-North and 76° 37 to 77° 23′ East. 

  • Mandi shares a boundary with a maximum number of six districts. It borders Kangra in the North-West, Hamirpur, Bilaspur in the West, and Arki tehsil of Solan district in the South. Shimla district in the South-West and Kullu district in the East.
  • Tattapani and Dehai are the hottest places in the district.
  • Mandi district receives the highest rainfall in the state with an average annual precipitation of 2029 mm. Dharamsala receives the highest rainfall, nearly 130 mm.
  • Fertile valleys of Mandi are the ‘Balh’ area in Sundernagar tehsil and ‘Chauntra‘ in Jogindernagar tehsil. The majority of the district is hilly.
  • The area of ‘Badar’. Chohar’, ‘Saraj ‘, and ‘Sonar’ are cut off from other parts of the district in winters due to snowfall.

Mountain Ranges of Mandi District

Dhauladhar range

Dhauladhar range runs along the Eastern boundary of the district from North to South and Nagru’ is the highest peak, with an elevation of about 4.400 meters.
This range covers a substantial part of the Suket area. In the North-East, this range joins the Kullu district.

Ghoghar Dhar

The salt mines of Gumma and Drang are located in this range which enters Mandi district at Harabagh’ in Jogindernagar tehsil.

Sikandar Dhar

It is named after Sikandar Lodhi who is supposed to have crossed it during the Kangra campaign. The range can be divided into Kamala Dhar and Lindi Dhar.

Dhar Vairkot

This range starts from Rewalsar and goes up to Suket.

Rivers in Mandi District

Beas and the Satluj are two major rivers passing through the Mandi district.

Sutlej River

Satluj river enters Mandi from Firnu village. Its main tributaries are ‘Khadel’, ‘Bhagwati Bantrehr, Siwan Behna’, Kattu’, ‘Bagra’, ‘Bahlu’, and ‘Siun’. The Sutlej River forms the boundary of the Mandi district from Shimla and Solan. 

Beas River

Beas river enters Mandi near Bajaura and runs parallel to the border. Later it meets Sainj’s and Tirthan’ streams at a village near Largi where It cuts Dhauladhar and enters Mandi from the Eastern side. The principal tributaries of the Beas on the North bank are Uhl, Luni, and Rina and from the South bank Janjehli, Suketi, Bhakhar, Son, Ramoli, and Jiuni. 
The water of the Uhl is being used to generate electric power at Jogindernagar. There is a dam at Pandoh(The smallest artificial lake of H.P 14 sq. km) on the Beas river to divert its water to the Satluj. The water has been channeled through two tunnels and is also used for generating power at Dehar and thereafter channeled to the Satluj. There are two bridges over the Beas at Mandi and Pandoh.

Lakes in Mandi District

Rewalsar Lake

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It is situated in the South-West direction of Mandi at 1.300 meters above mean sea level. 

This lake is connected to three religions Buddhism, Sikhs, and Hinduism.
Padmasambhava (Padmachan- lotus possessing) renowned Buddhist, stayed there for some time in a monastery. The Hindus and Buddhists look at Rewalsar as the abode of Lomasha Rishi.
The 10 Sikh Guru Govind Singh(1685 AD) also stayed there for some time. A simple stone structure that stood about 160 meters above the lake was his abode.

Prashar Lake

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Situated in a cup-like valley surrounded by high mountains of middle Himalayas In the North-East direction of Mandi town. It is located at an altitude of about 2,743 meters above mean sea level. 
A Pagoda-style three-story temple built by Raja Ban Sen of Mandi in the 14th century was dedicated to Rishi Prashar and a fair is held here every year in the month of June.

Macchial Lake: 

Macchial Lake is a low-altitude lake which is situated in the Mandi district (7 km from Jogindernagar town). This lake is considered sacred and is named after Macchendru Devta or Matasya Astar of Lord Vishnu.

In earlier days people made their wishes to Machhendru Devta and in fulfillment of their wishes they offer the promised gift to Machhendru Devta. One of such offerings was to ornament the sacred Mahashir fish with gold nasal rings.It is still very common to feed sacred Mahashir fish to observe a happy ceremony and/or as a wish for good luck and to avoid bad luck. 

A fair marking of the commencement of the Indian traditional month of Vaishakh is held here every year. 

Kamru Nag Lake

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Located at a height of 3,334 meters above sea level on the Mandi-Karsog road. As per tradition, Kamrunag is the King Yaksha of Mahabharta and was worshipped by Pandavas. Mythology says that this lake was formed by Pandavas when they were on their way after Mahabharata with Deity Kamrunag (based on which this entire valley is known by Kamru Valley today) to find the best place for their teacher, Dev Kamrunag and Deity love the isolation of this place so much that he decided to stay here for the rest of his life. At his request, Bhimsen, one of the Pandava brothers, formed the lake by pushing his elbow and forearm on the peak of the mountain. And that is the reason believed by locals after an oval-shaped lake with a depth unknown. 

There is a tradition of offering gold, silver, and coins in the lake by devotees in the fulfillment of their wishes by Dev Kamrunag. It is not possible to estimate the quantity of gold, silver, and coins of other metals that lie at the bottom of the lake. An annual fair in the month of June is a feature of the Kamrunag lake

Other lakes of Mandi: Kuntabhayoga, Kalasar, The smallest man-made lake in Himachal Pradesh is the Pandoh Lake which has a surface elevation of about 900 m. 

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Mandi District

  1. Shikari Devi,
  2. Naragu
  3. Bandali.

Demographic Statistics of Mandi District

  • The population of Mandi district increased from 2,28,721 in 1901 AD to 3,10,626 in 1951 AD.
  • The population of Mandi district increased from 5,15,180 in 1971 AD to 9,99,777 in 2011.
  • Mandi district recorded the lowest increase in population between 1911 and 1921 (+1.41%) between 1961 and 1971, the highest increase (34.07%) was recorded in the population.
  • The sex ratio of the Mandi district was recorded as 908, in 1901AD, 971, in 1951AD, 964, in 1971, and 1007 in 2011. The sex ratio of the Mandi district was highest in 1991 (1013) and lowest in 1941 (907).
  • The density of the Mandi district was recorded as 58, in 1901, 79, in 1971, 130 in 1971, and 253 in 2011. In Mandi district in 2001, 28.98% of Scheduled Castes and 1917th Scheduled Tribes were inhabited.
  • The population of Mandi district in 2011 was 9,36,894 (93.74%) rural and 62,624 (6.26%) urban.
  • There are 473-gram panchayats, 2833 populated villages, 10 assembly constituencies, and development blocks in the Mandi district.

Location of Mandi district

  • Mandi district is located in the 7th position in the area.
  • Mandi district is the second largest district in population.
  • Mandi ranks ninth in population growth rate (2001-2011).
  • In 2001, the Scheduled Caste population in Mandi district was the highest after Kangra. It was second with a population of 28.98%
  • Mandi district was third in length (4996 km.) of roads.
  • Mandi district is third in sex ratio (2011) while Mandi district is in the seventh position in infant sex ratio (in 2011).
  • Mandi district ranks seventh in literacy rate (2011).
  • Mandi district has the highest number of cow bulls. Mandi district ranks second in terms of the number of flocks.
  • Small industrial units (as of 2010) have been set up in the Mandi district, second only to Kangra and Solan.
  • Mandi district was second in litchi production in 2011-12, third in amla, kiwi, khumani, and gujarat production, and fourth in the nut, orange, gulgal, guava, and pomegranate production.
  • Mandi district has the highest number of inhabited villages after Kangra, while Mandi district ranks first with 505 non-populated villages.

Mandi Shivaratri and Deity

Bhima Sunar of Mandi made a silver statue of Madhorai which is still present today. In Mandi Shivaratri, Shaivism is represented by Baba Bhootnath, the presiding deity of Mandi, Vaishnavism is represented by deity Madhorai and folk deity headed by Badadev Kamrunag, Huranganarayan, and Deva Parashar, etc. Bada Deva is not the chariot of Kamarunag. He is the largest deity in the Mandi district. Badadeo Huranganarayan and Ghadoni Narayan of Chauharghati are considered to be incarnations of Lord Balarama. Smoking in front of Dev Hurang Narayan is a punishable offense.

Languages of Mandi District

  1. Mandyali
  2. Suketi
  3. Hindi

Fairs of Mandi District

  1. Shivratri fair
  2. Mahunag fair
  3. Chhechshu fair (in Rewalsar)

History of Mandi District

Mandi district is made up of Suket and Mandi princely states. The princely state of Suket has been established earlier. The princely state of Suket was established in 765 AD by Veersen. The princely state of Mardi was founded by Bahusen of the Suket Dynasty in 1000 AD. According to Cunningham, the Sena dynasty came from Bengal.

Mandi State

Establishment of Mandi princely state – Mandi princely state was established in 1000 AD by a younger brother of Raja Sahusen of Suket princely state. There was no good relationship between Bahusen and Sahusen, due to which Bahusen laid the foundation of Mandi princely state in Mangalore (Kullu) except Suket princely state. Bahusen established the capital at Haat (Kullu).

1. Bansen

  • The 11th generation of Bahusen, King Karanchan Sen, was killed by the Raja of Kulin the Mangalore war around 1273 AD, Karanchan Sen’s pregnant wife gave birth to a son named Banan under the Ban (Oak) tree in Siokot Mandi, under his father’s jurisdiction. Because he was born under the Ban tree.
  • Bansen’s maternal grandfather had no children, so Bensen became the head of Sokot
  • Bansen made his capital at Bhiuli in Mandi in the 13th-14th century Bansen built Parashar Templ near Parashar Lake. The credit for establishing Mandi’s princely state in Mandi goes to Bansen who shifted his capital from Mangalore to Bhiuli.
  • Bansen ruled from 1278 AD to 1340 AD. Kalyansen, the son of Bansen moved the capital to Batahuli near the town of Mandi. 

2. Ajbar Sen (1527 AD)

  • Ajbar Sen became the king of Mandi in 1527 AD. Ajbar Sen founded Mandi city in 1527 AD and made it his capital.
  • Ajbar Sen built Bhootnath Temple in Mandi city, Queen Sultana Devi of Ajbar Sen built the Trilokinath Temple in Mandi. Ajbar Sen died in 1534 AD. The city of Mandi is named after ‘Mandavya Rishi’.

3.Sahib Sen (1554-75 AD) –

  • Sahib Sen occupied the salt mines of Drang around 1554 (from the Rana of Drang). He was the king of Mandi, a contemporary of Akbar. Sahib Sen along with Raja Pratap Singh of Kullu defeated Rana Jaichand of Lug and captured Siraj-Mandi”. At the Chauhar, by the grace of the god of Hurrang Narayan Dev. Sahib Sen had a son, whom he named Narayan Sen

4. Narayan Sen (1575-95 AD) –

  • Narayan Sen had conquered a large part of King Uday Sen of Skand and extended the kingdom to Balh and Loharu.

5. Harisen (1623 AD)-

  • Hari sen was the king of Mandi, contemporary of King Jagat Singh of Nurpur Harisen erected a memorial in Varshila in memory of his father Keshas Sent 

6. Suraj Sen (1637-64 AD

  • Before Surajasen, Mandi came under the control of the Mughals during Keshavsena. Surajsen built Kamalgarh Fort in 1625 AD.
  • Surajsen built the Damdama Mahalin Mandi. Surajsen installed the silver statue of Madhorai, on 16 March 1648, after the death of 18 sons.
  • The beginning of the rath yatra at Mandi Shivaratri fair is considered from this date because on this day the first procession of Madhorai’s chariot was taken out at Mandi Shivaratri.
  • The queen of Surajsen made Narayala Lala his brother. The armies of Bangahal and Kullu defeated Surajsen in battle and captured the Shahpur, Karnpur and Shamsherpur forts of Mandi.
  • Raja Mansingh of Guler also defeated Surajsen and looted twice in Mandi. He also captured the fort of Kamalgarh. Suraj sen, with the help of Jalapu Wazir, killed Rana of Anantapur in the Naripuri temple. The queen cursed Zalapu because she had killed her husband by making her a religious sister.
  • Suraj Sen was married to the daughter of Raja Jagat Singh of Nurpur, in exchange for which he received Sandhol in dowry.
  • Suraj sen made Madhoraya the total deity of the princely state of Mandi and dedicated the throne to him.

7. Shyamsen (1664-1679 AD)

  • After Surjusen his brother Shyam Sen became king. He got the Shyama Kali temple constructed in Mandi at Taranadhar. Shyam Sen defeated Jeet Sen, the king of Suket, and took control of the Lohara stronghold.
  • Jeetseen was captured by Mandi’s soldier ‘Nayana Katoch’ and snatched his crown and presented it to Shyamsen.
  • Shyamsen allowed him to take eight pounds of salt per annum from Drang’s salt mine at no cost. Shyamsen kept ‘Herba Singh’ fortified in Lohara Fort.
  • The princely states of Suket and Mandi were always fighting each other for the annexation of the Balh Valley region.

8. Siddhasen (1684-1727 AD

  • Among the kings of Mandi, Siddhasen is considered a worthy and skilled warrior. Guru Govind Singh Mandi came during the reign of Siddhesen.
  • Siddhasen got the king of Bangahal Killed Prithvipal inside the Damdama palace. Siddhasena built the Sarkhpur Fort in 1695 AD.
  • Siddhesen built the Siddha Ganesh, Triloknath Panchavaktra, and Siddha Jalpa temples.
  • appointed his father’s mistress son Mian Jappu as his wazir, a skilled administrator and shrewd politician.
  • He was in charge of the administration. He got land settled in Mandi which lasted for 200 years (till 1917). Siddhesen occupied Suchan’s Nachan, Hatli, Dalel (1688 AD), Sarkhpur, Shivpur Fort (1690 AD), Madhopur (1699) Raipur (1698). S
  • iddha Sen was the father-in-law of Prithvipal of Bangahal, who he murdered in ‘Damdama Mahal’.
  • Prithvi Pal’s sister was married to King Mansingh of Kullu.
  • Siddha Sen also attacked Kullu.
  • Siddha Sen appointed Mian Biru Singh as his commander.

9. Shamsher Sen (1727-81 AD)

  • Shiv-Jwala Sen, son of Siddhasena died in 1722 AD, so his grandson Shamsher Sen became king of Mandi at the age of five after Siddhasen in 1727 AD. His brother’s name was Dhul Chatiya.
  • In childhood, the state took charge of Mian Jappu (Wazir) with the help of Rani Hatli (mother of Shamsher Sen).
  • Shamsher Sen invaded Kullu and captured the ‘Chauhar’ area. Rani Hatli, along with Haridas and Dharmanath, had Jappu killed, which angered the king.
  • Shamsher Sen gave death to Dharmanath, due to fear, the queen left Mandi and started living in Ghassanu.
  • Shamsher Sen made his brother Dhul Chatia’ a wazir.
  • Shamsher Sen’s son was Surma Sen. During Shamsher Sen, Mandi was under the influence of Jassa Singh Ramgarhia and Jai Singh Kanhaiya.
  • Shamsher Sen died in 1781 AD after 54 years of rule.

10. Surma Sen (1781-88)

  • Surma Sen separated his relatives and Mian people from the work of the state. which made them ineffective and spread fear of the king among other employees.
  • He tried to develop this principle in his court and officers by adopting the keep quiet principle’. The king of Kullu was Pritam Singh at the time of Surma Sen.
  • Suket’s king Ranjit Sen was a contemporary of Surma Sen. Surma Sen died in 1788 AD.

11. Ishwari Sen (1788-1826 AD)-

  • Ishwari Sen was imprisoned by Sansar Chand for 12 years in Nadaun, who was liberated by the Gorkhas in 1805 AD. The state of Mandi came under the Sikhs in 1809 AD.
  • William Moorcroft traveled to Mandi in 1820 AD at the time of Ishwari Sen.
  • After Ishwari Sen, Zalimsen became the king of Mandi in 1823 AD.
  • Khushal Singh was appointed by Ranjit Singh to collect tax from the mandi.
  • During Ishwari Sen, King Ugrasingh of Bushahr took refuge in Mandi (to escape from the Gorkhas).
  • Former King of Nagpur Appa Saheb also lived in Mandi from 1822 to 1826.

12. Zalim Sen (1826-39 AD) –

  • Ishwari Sen had no legitimate children. Ishwari Sen had four illegitimate children – Mian Ratan Sen, Kapoor Sen, Balveer Sen and Bhag Sen. After Ishwari Sen, his brother Zalim Sen became the king of Mandi.
  • Zalim Sen was now required to pay 75 thousand rupees in the Sikh court as an annual tax instead of 50 thousand, for which he forced the people to pay tax.
  • He tied up with Lehna Singh and captured the Thara and Raghupur region of Kullu.
  • Zalim Sen assigned the task of state administration to Balvir Sen (his nephew), the third mistress son of Ishwari Sen.
  • Balvir Sen became the king of Mandi after the death of Zalim Sen in 1839 AD.
  • Lord Vigney visited Mandi in 1839 AD.

13. Balveer Sen (1839 AD)

  • Balbir Sen (son of Ishwari Sen) became the king of Mandi in 1839 AD. Naunihal Singh, the grandson of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, invaded the princely state of Mandi under the leadership of General Vanchura (French) in 1840 AD and captured Mandi city and Kamalgarh fort.
  • In 1840 AD, Balvir Sen was imprisoned and kept at Govindgarh Fort in Amritsar.
  • The princely state of Mandi came under the control of the British Government on 9 March 1846.
  • Balbir Sen died in 1851 AD. At the time of Balvir Sen, Gosau Wazir participated in the Battle of Aliwal (1846 AD). October 24, 1846.
  • The English government conferred a treatise on Raja Balvir Sen and accepted the Raja of Mandi.

14. Vijay Sen (1851-1902 AD)

  • Vijay Sen became the king of Mandi at the age of 4 under the supervision of Gosauan Wazir and Mian Bhag Singh.
  • Purohit Shivshankar could not handle the work of Vijay Sen’s education well, after which in 1863 AD, Mr. Clarke was appointed to teach the king.
  • In 1864, the British government gave 11 gun salutes to Vijay Sen to help in the revolt of 1857.
  • Lord Mayo came to Mandi in 1871 AD. Vijay Sen attended the Palampur court in 1872 AD. Sir Henry Davies visited Mandi in 1874 AD. Raja Vijay Sen attended Delhi Durbar in 1877 AD and built the Victoria Suspension Bridge on Beas coast in 1878 in his memory. He built the suspension bridge over the Uhl River in 1881 AD. Charles Echinson visited Mandi in 1883 AD. Mian Uttam Singh was the wazir at the time of Vijay Sen. After that Mian Jwala Singh and Mian Udhamsingh became Wazir. The Mandi-Kullu road was constructed in 1881 AD. In 1901 AD, Padajivananda was called from Jodhpur and appointed as Wazir. He has conferred the title of Raibahadur. Vijay Sen died in 1902 AD. Lord Elgin visited Mandi in 1899 AD. Lala Lajpat Rai came to Mandi in 1906 AD.

15. Bhavani Sen (1903-12 AD)

  • Sir Charles Rivaz the Governor of Punjab, took the throne to the Bhavani Sen in 1903 AD.
  • Bhavani Sen went to Lahore to meet the Prince of Wales in 1905 AD.
  • Lord Kitchener also visited Mandi around 1905 AD.
  • Bhavani Sen built the Durbar Hall in 1906 AD.
  • In 1909 at the time of Bhavani Sen, Sobharam (Sarkaghat) revolted.
  • Raja Bhavani Sen Wazir Padha was a puppet in the hands of Jeeva Nanda.
  • Colonel HS-Davis suppressed the rebellion of Sobharam and imprisoned him and sent him black water and appointed Indrasingh, son of Uttam Singh Wazir in place of Padha Jivananda, as the wazir.
  • Bhavani Sen attended the Delhi Durbar held in December 1911 in honor of George V (Emperor of England).
  • Raja died at the age of 29 only in February 1912, after returning from the Delhi court.

16. Jogendra Sen (1913-48 AD)

  • Jogendra Sen was succeeded by Sir Lewis Dane, the lieutenant governor of Punjab. He was the last ruler of the princely state of Mandi. King Jogendra Sen was decorated with the title of Knighthood (KCSI).
  • Jogendra Sen was educated at Queen Mary College, Hutchinson Lahore.
  • Garden Walker was appointed Superintendent of Mandi. In 1916, HW-Emerson was made Superintendent of Mandi.
  • In the year 1914, Hardev of Mandi, who was called ‘Swami Krishnanand’, made members of the Gadar Party in Mandi, Bhai Hirdaya Ram was hanged along with Mathra Das in the Lahore Conspiracy Case which was later turned into black water, In the first Mandi conspiracy, Mian Jawahar Singh and Rani Khairgarhi were convicted.
  • Mian Jawahar Singh was sent to Kalapani after life imprisonment. Rani (Mandi) Khairgarhi was sentenced to be expelled from the country and went to Lucknow.
  • Siddha Kharada, the main culprit of the Mandi conspiracy, escaped. Later, he was captured and sent to the black water.

Suket Princely state

Naming

The name of the Sundarnagar region was earlier Shuk Kshetra or Shuk Khet which later became Suket. Here lived Mahatma named Sukhdev, after whom the area was named ‘Sukshetra’ and later Suket. The ancient name of the city of Sundernagar was ‘Baned’. ✔✓

Establishment

According to Alexander Cunningham, the princely state of Suket was founded by Virsen in 765 AD. He belonged to the Sena dynasty of Bengal. His father Roopasen had established the city of Ropar (Rupnagar).

Rulers of Suket

1. Veer sen

  • Veersen first made Kunnu Dhar his residence.
  • Veersen established the first capital of Suket princely state in Pangna in Surhi area.
  • Veerasen got his daughter married to him by giving shelter to Pusana, the capital of his kingdom, to Musan Varman of Chamba.
  • Veersen gave the Pangna estate to Moosanavarman in dowry.
  • Veersen imprisoned Bhuppal, the king of Kullu, and made the princely state of Kullu his estate.
  • Veerasen laid the boundary line with Kangra and got Veera Durg constructed at Seer Khad.
  • Veersen constructed the Birkot fort on the occasion of defeating Rana of Hatli.

2. Vikram sen

  • Vikramsen was the king of religious nature. He went on a Haridwar pilgrimage by handing over his kingdom for 2 years to his brother Trivikramsen.
  • Trivikramsen conspired against Vikramsen in association with Hastpal, the king of Kullu.
  • Vikramsen defeated Trivikram Sen and Hastapala in a battle in a jury with the help of the King of Keonthal

3. Lakshmana sen

  • Laxmansen invaded Kullu and captured parts of Warini Rups, Wazin Lagasan, and Wazin Parol. At that time the king of Kullu was Hamirpal,

4. Sahu sen (1000 AD)

  • Sahusen and Bahusen was the son of Visayasen, Due to the relationship between the two deteriorating, the younger brother Bahusen left Suket and went to Mangalore in Kulla to establish his own princely state.

5. Madan Sen (1240 AD)

  • Madan sen built the Madankot fort to the north of Pangna.
  • Madan sen defeated the Ranas of Gumma and Drang and captured the salt mines.
  • Madansen recapeared Kullu and gave the area from Manali to Bajaura to Rana Bhosal.
  • Madansen defeated Rana Mangal of Batwara, forcing Rana Mangal to cross the Satluj and establish the Mangal princely state.
  • Under the rule of Madansen, the princely state of Suket reached the peak of its prosperity. Madansen changed the capital from Panganga.

6. Kartar Sen (1520 AD)

  • Kartar Sen moved his capital from Lohra to Kartarpur in 1520 AD and Kartarpur to Lohara (Balghati) in 1540 AD is currently called Purananagar.
  • After Kartarsen, Arjun Sen became the king who was a contemporary of Jagat Singh, the king of Kullu. Shyam Sen (1620 AD)-Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan was pleased and granted “Khilat to Shyamen and ordered to run his posture.
  • Shyamsen had a war with King Kalyan Chand of Bilaspur (Kahlur) (around 1630 AD). The place where Kalyan Chand died.

7. Shyamsen

  • Shyamsen was summoned to Delhi by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb on the complaint of Raja Jagat Singh of Nurpur.
  • Shyamsen prayed for his liberation from Mahunag after which Jagat Singh’s rebellion led to Shyamsen’s early release from prison.
  • Shyam Sen donated the jagir to the Mahunag temple at an annual tax of 400 rupees.
  • After Shyamsen, Ramsen built the Ramgarh fort in Madhopur Jeet Sen (1663 AD)- He was the contemporary of Raja Shyam Sen (1664-79) and Siddha Sen (1684-1720) of Mandi Jeet Sen used to call Raja Shyam Sen of Mandi as Thikar Nath
  • Jeet Sen was defeated by Raja Shyam Sen of Mandi at a place called Lohara
  • Siddha Sen, with the help of King Bhimchand of Kablar, attacked Suket and took away the fort of Hati Dhar’ and ‘Virko

8. Garunsen (1721-1748 AD)-

  • Garun Sen founded the city Sundamagar (ancient name of Barade) which was made the capital by Vikramasena II.
  • The queen of Garun Sen got Surakund Temple constructed.

9. Vikramasen (1748-1767 AD)

  • At the time of Vikramser, in 1752 AD. Ahmad Shah Durrani captured the princely state of Saket.
  • In 1758 AD, Adina Baig captured the princely state of Saket.
  • The first Sikh rule was established by Jessa Singh Ramgarhia in the time of Vikramsen on Suket princely state in 1758 AD. 

10. Ranjit Sen (1767-1791 AD)

  • At the time of Rangeet Sert, Jah Singh Kanhaiya (1775-1786 AD) kept the Suket princely state under him. Ranjit Sen hated his brother Kishan Singh, who was father-in-law of Sansar Chand.
  • At that time there was a Wazir named Narpat whose relationship with Vikramsen, son of Ranjit Sen, was not good, so Vikramsen left Suket and went to the palace of Kangra 

11. Vikramasen II (1791-1838 AD)

  • Vikramasen’s relationship with Wazir Narpat was not good. Hence Vikramasen lived in Mahalmoriyo from 1786 AD to 1792 AD.
  • After the death of his father, Vikramsen first got Narpat Wazir imprisoned in the Partition Fort’. Vikramsen made Baned (Sundar Nagar) his new capital.
  • The princely state of Suket came under Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1809 AD during Vikramasen’s time. William Moorecroft visited the princely state of Suket in 1820 AD. Vikramsen, along with his Chacha Kishan Singh, captured the six forts of Mandi.
  • During the time of Vikramasen, Pannu was killed while fighting a war with Wazir Mandi.
  • The king of Mandi was Ishwari Sen who was imprisoned by Sansar Chand in ‘Nadaun’ for 12 years, Amar Singh Thapa withdrew from Suket and took away the Veerkot Fort.
  • Vikramsen built Pali and Doodar forts during his tenure.
  • Ranjit Singh had helped Suket princely state against the Gorkhas for 11 thousand rupees, after which Suket princely state came under the Sikhs.

12. Ugrasen (1838-76 AD)

  • Vigne visited Suket in 1839 AD at the time of Ugrasen. Naunihal Singh, the grandson of Ranjit Singh, captured the Suket princely state in 1840 AD under the leadership of General Bilo Vanchura.
  • In 1846 AD, Ugrasen accepted the subjugation of British power by expelling the Sikhs from the state.
  • In 1846, the princely state of Suket came under the British. Wazir Narottam of Ugrasena got the Durga temple constructed.
  • He was also the wazir of the Narasimha temple. Ugrasen built the Shiv Mandir at Amala Vimala. Ugrasen died in 1876 AD. In October 1846, Ugrasen was awarded the treaty.

13. Dusht Nikandan Sen (1879-1908 AD)

  • At the time of Duash Nikandan Sen, the school in Bhopar in 1893 AD, the post office in Vaned opened in 1900 AD and the Telegraph in 1906 AD The bridge was constructed at Jury. in 1889 AD over the Sutlej River.

13. Bhimsen (1908-1919)-

Bhimsen opened the King Edward Hospital in Bened. He got the Mandi-Se motor road constructed.

14. Lakshman sen (1919-1948 AD)-

  • Lakshman Sen was the last king of the Suket princely state. On November 1, 1921, the princely state of Suket came under the Government of the British Government of Punjab •
  • In February 1948, Suket Satyagraha took place under the leadership of Pandit Padmadey after which the princely state of Suket merged into India.

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