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UPSC question paper – 2016-2020 – Agriculture in National Economy

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#1. Consider the following statements : [2020] 1. In terms of short-term credit delivery to the agriculture sector, District Central Cooperative Banks (DCCBs) deliver more credit in comparison to Scheduled Commercial Banks and Regional Rural Banks 2. One of the most important functions of DCCBs is to provide funds to the Primary Agricultural Credit Societies. Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

#2. Consider the following statements [2020] 1. In the case of all cereals, pulses and oil-seeds, the procurement at Minimum Support Price (MSP) is unlimited in any State/UT of India. 2. In the case of cereals and pulses, the MSP is fixed in any State/UT at a level to which the market price will never rise. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

#3. In India, which of the following can be considered as public investment in agriculture? [2020] 1. Fixing Minimum Support Price for agriculture produce of all crops 2. Computerization of Primary Agriculture Credit Societies 3. Social Capital development 4. Free electricity supply of farmers 5. Waiver of agriculture loans by the banking system 6. Setting up of cold storage facilities by the governments Select the correct answer using the code given below:

#4. With reference to pulse production in India, consider the following sentences: [2020] 1. Black gram (Urad) can be cultivated as both Kharif and rabi crop. 2. Green gram (Moong) alone accounts for nearly half of pulse production. 3. In the last three decades, while the production of kharif pulses has increased, the production of rabi pulses has decreased. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

#5. With reference to chemical fertilizers in India, consider the following statements : [2020] 1. At present, the retail price of chemical fertilizers is market-driven and not administered by the Government. 2. Ammonia, which is an input of urea, is produced from natural gas. 3. Sulphur, which is a raw material for phosphoric acid fertilizer is a by-product of oil refineries. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

#6. The economic cost of food grains to the Food Corporation Of India is Minimum Support Price and bonus (if any) paid to the farmers plus (2019)

#7. Consider the following statements: [2019] 1. Most of India’s external debt is owed by government entities. 2. All of India’s external debt is denominated in US dollars. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

#8. Consider the following statements: [2019] 1. According to the Indian Patents Act, a biological process to create a seed can be patented in India. 2. In India, there is no Intellectual Property Appellate Board. 3. Plant Varieties are not eligible to the patented in India. Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

#9. Which one the following group of a plant domesticated in the new world and introduced into the old world? (2019)

#10. Consider the following statements: [2017] 1. The Standard Mark of Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is mandatory for automotive tyres and tubes. 2. AGMARK is a quality Certification Mark issued by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO). Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

#11. Which of the following has/have occurred in India after its liberalization of economic policies in 1991? [2017] 1. Share of agriculture in GDP increased enormously. 2. Share of India's exports in world trade increased. 3. FDI inflows increased. 4. India's foreign exchange reserves increased enormously. Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

#12. With reference to ‘Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana’, consider the following statements: [2016] 1. Under this scheme, farmers will have to pay a uniform premium of two percent for any crop they cultivate in any season of the year. 2. This scheme covers post-harvest losses arising out of cyclones and unseasonal rains. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

#13. Why does the Government of India promote the use of Neem-coated Urea’ in agriculture? (2016)

#14. Which of the following is/are the advantage /advantages of practising drip irrigation? [2016] 1. Reduction in weed 2. Reduction in soil salinity 3. Reduction in soil erosion Select the correct answer using the code given below.

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