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Union Government – 2 MCQ Question and Answers

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#1. Consider the following statements: 1. The President of India cannot appoint a person as Prime Minister if he/she is not a member of either Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. 2. The candidate for the office of Prime Minster must have the support of the majority members of both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

#2. Which of the following corporations, for the purpose of auditing, are kept completely out of the purview of CAG of India ? 1. Industrial Finance Corporation 2. Food Corporation of India 3. Central Warehousing Corporation 4. Life Insurance Corporation of India 5. Reserve Bank of India Which of the following statements is/are correct?

#3. The decision whether a bill is money bill or not is decided by the speaker, this decision cannot be questioned by: 1. Any court of law. 2. Lok Sabha. 3. President of India.

#4. Which among the following have the right to vote in the elections to both the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha? 1. Elected members of the Lower House of the Parliament 2. Elected members of the Upper House of the Parliament 3. Elected members of the Upper House of the State Legislature. 4. Elected members of the Lower House of the State Legislature.

#5. Which of the following are not correct about CAG of India? 1. He is appointed by the President for a period of five years. 2. His salary and conditions of service are determined by President. 3. He shall vacate office on attaining the age of 60 years. 4. He can be removed by the President on his own. 5. He is responsible for maintaining the accounts of Central and state governments. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

#6. Which among the following statements with respect to the Comptroller and Auditor General of India is/are correct? 1. The procedure and grounds for his removal from the office are the same as of a Judge of Supreme Court. 2. He prescribes the form in which accounts of the Union and the States are to be kept. Select the correct answer using the code given below

#7. Consider the following statements : 1. The Chairman of the Committee on Public Accounts is appointed by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. 2. The Committee on Public Accounts comprises Members of Lok Sabha, Members of Rajya Sabha and a few eminent persons of industry and trade. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

#8. Both Houses of Parliament enjoy equal power in all spheres except: 1. financial matters 2. responsibility of the Council of Ministers 3. amendment procedure 4. presidential election Which of the above is/are correct?

#9. Which factor can restrict the power of Parliament in India? 1. A written Constitution prescribing the scope of operation 2. Supreme Court can strike down unconstitutional laws passed by Parliament 3. Parliament is limited by the Fundamental Rights provided by the Constitution Which of the following statements is/are correct?

#10. Which of the following are the principles on the basis of which the parliamentary system of government in India operates ? 1. Nominal executive head 2. Vice-President as the chairman of the upper house 3. Real executive authority with the council of ministers 4. Executive responsibility to the lower house Which of the following statements is/are correct?

#11. With reference to Union Government, consider the following statements : 1. The Ministries/Departments of the Government of India are created by the Prime Minister on the advice of the Cabinet Secretary. 2. Each of the Ministries is assigned to a Minister by the President of India on the advice of the Prime Minister. Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

#12. Consider the following statements about the office of Attorney-General of India? 1. He is a member of the Cabinet. 2. He can address either House of Parliament and vote. 3. He must have qualification of a judge of the Supreme Court. 4. Salary of Attorney General is fixed by Parliament. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

#13. _______ can be declared by the President on his own? 1. Emergency due to armed rebellion 2. Financial Emergency 3. President’s Rule in a State Which of the above is/are correct?

#14. Which of the following features of the Indian Government system are the essential features of the parliamentary Government system? 1. Presence of nominal and real executives 2. Membership of the ministers in the legislature 3. Separation of powers between the Union and State government 4. Independent judiciary system Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

#15. The correct statements about calling attention notice are : 1. It is a device of calling the attention of a minister to a matter of urgent public importance. 2. Its main purpose is to seek an authoritative statement from the minister. 3. It does not involve any censure against government. 4. It is an Indian innovation in the parliamentary procedure since 1952. 5. It is not mentioned in the Rules of Business and Procedure. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

#16. In parliamentary countries, like India, the legislative control over administration is considerably reduced and restricted in effectiveness due to which of the following reasons? 1. The expansion in the volume and variety of administrative work. 2. Frequent use of Guillitone. 3. The large size of the legislature 4. The members of the legislature are laymen. 5. The financial committees do post mortem work. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

#17. Which statements about Financial Bill is CORRECT? 1. It is same as a money bill 2. It can be introduced only in the Lok Sabha 3. It can be amended by the Rajya Sabha. 4. It can only be introduced agreement of the President Which of the above is/are correct?

#18. Which of the following documents are presented to the legislature along with the budget? 1. An explanatory memorandum on the budget 2. A summary of demands for grants 3. An Appropriation Bill 4. A Finance Bill 5. The economic survey Which of the above is/are correct?

#19. President appoints as Prime Minister: 1. the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha 2. anyone he thinks fit 3. the person who can win the confidence of the majority in Lok Sabha 4. Leader of the party with a majority in either Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha Which of the following statements is/are correct?

#20. With reference to Union Government consider the following statements: 1. The ministries/Departments of the government of India are created by the PM on the advice of the cabinet secretary. 2. Each of the ministries is assigned to a minister by the president of India on the advice of the PM. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

#21. Which of the following are the functions of the Public Accounts Committee of Parliament? 1. To examine, in the light of CAG’s report, the accounts showing the appropriation of sums granted by the Parliament. 2. To examine, in the light of CAG’s report, the statement of accounts of state corporations, trading and manufacturing projects except of those as are allotted to the committee on public undertakings. 3. To examine the statement of accounts of autonomous and semi-autonomous bodies, the audit of which is conducted by the CAG. 4. To examine if any money has been spent on any service during a financial year in excess of the amount granted by house of people for that purpose. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

#22. The Indian President’s veto power is a combination of: 1. Pocket veto 2. Absolute veto 3. Suspensive veto 4. Qualified veto Which of the above is/are correct?

#23. 1. The Council of Ministers in the Centre shall be collectively responsible to the Parliament. 2. The Union Ministers shall hold the office during the pleasure of the President of India. 3. The Prime Minister shall communicate to the President about the proposals for legislation. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

#24. The correct statements regarding the difference between the pardoning powers of President and Governor are: 1. The Governor can pardon sentences inflicted by court martial while the President cannot. 2. The President can pardon death sentence while Governor cannot. 3. The Governor can pardon death sentence while the President cannot. 4. The President can pardon sentences inflicted by court martial while the Governor cannot. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

#25. Consider the following statements about the Attorney General of India: 1. He is appointed by the President of India 2. He must have the same qualifications as required for a judge of the Supreme Court. 3. He must be a member of either House of Parliament. 4. He can be removed by impeachment by Parliament. Which of these statements is correct?

#26. Which of the following are included in Article 78 of the Indian Constitution, defining the duties of Prime Minister? 1. To communicate to the President all decisions of the council of ministers relating to the administration of the affairs of the union and proposals for legislation. 2. To take prior presidential sanction for the budget before submitting it in the Parliament 3. To furnish the information called for by the President regarding administration of affairs of the union 4. If the President so requires, to submit for consideration of the council of ministers a matter on which a minister has taken a decision without submitting the same for consideration by the council beforehand. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

#27. ______ take/takes part in the election of the President of India? 1. All Members of Parliament 2. Members of State Legislative Assemblies 3. Elected members of State Legislative assemblies 4. Elected members of State Legislative Councils. Which of the above is/are correct?

#28. Consider the following facts about Comptroller and auditor general of India, and choose the correct answer: 1. CAG is a constitutional Body. 2. CAG has absolute power to audit accounts of all the functionaries of Central and States’ governments as well as of private corporate bodies.

#29. The correct statement/s with regard to Ordinance making power of President is/are - 1. The President cannot promulgate an ordinance to amend tax laws. 2. The President cannot promulgate an ordinance to amend the constitution.

#30. According to the Constitution of India, it is the duty of the President of India to cause to be laid before the Parliament which of the following? 1. The Recommendations of the Union Finance Commission 2. The Report of the Public Accounts Committee 3. The Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General 4. The Report of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

#31. With reference to Indian Parliament, consider the following statements : 1. A member of the Lok Sabha cannot be arrested by police under any case when the Parliament is in session. 2. Members of Indian Parliament have the privilege of exemption from attendance as witnesses in the law courts. Which of these statements is/are correct ?

#32. Which of the following statements are true of Adjournment Motion? 1. It is an extraordinary procedure which sets aside the normal business of the House. 2. Its main object is to draw the attention of the House to a recent matter of urgent public importance. 3. The Rajya Sabha can make use of this procedure. 4. It must be supported by not less than 50 members for introduction. 5. It involves an element of censure against government. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

#33. Which of the following official(s) is/are appointed by the President by Warrant under his hand and seal. 1. CAG. 2. Chairperson of National Commission of SCs. 3. Attorney General of India. 4. CVC

#34. Consider the following statements: 1. The President of India cannot appoint a person as Prime Minister if he/she is not a member of either Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. 2. The candidate for the office of Prime Minster must have the support of the majority members of both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

#35. Which of the following statements about a parliamentary committee in India are correct? 1. It is appointed or elected by the house or appointed by the speaker/chairman. 2. It works under the direction of the speaker/chairman of the house. 3. It presents its report to the president. Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

#36. Which of the following committee(s) is/are not exclusively the committee of the lower House of the Parliament of India? 1. Estimate committee 2. Committee on public undertaking 3. Committee on the welfare of Scheduled Castes and STs 4. Committee on Empowerment of women Select the correct answer using the codes given below

#37. Though the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha are constitutent part of Parliament, on some subject they have unequal powers which of the following matters depict the difference of powers between these two houses? 1. No confidence motion 2. Power to vote on Demand for Grants 3. Impeachment of judges of the High Court 4. Passing of laws in the national interest on the subject enumerated in state list 5. Creation of all India services. Select the correct answer by using the codes given below:

#38. Which of the following statements are incorrect? 1. Appropriation Bill cannot be amended while the Finance Bill can be amended. 2. Finance Bill cannot be amended while Appropriation Bill can be amended. 3. Same procedure governs both the Appropriation Bill and the Finance Bill. 4. Appropriation Bill and the Finance Bill are governed by different procedures. 5. Appropriation Bill cannot be rejected by the Rajya Sabha while Finance Bill can be rejected by it. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

#39. Consider the following statements: 1. The chairman of the committee on public accounts is appointed by the speakers of the Lok sabha 2. The committee on public Accounts comprises members of Lok Sabha, members of Rajya sabha and a few eminent persons of industry and trade Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

#40. Consider the following statements regarding ‘No confidence motion’ 1. Only a motion expressing want of confidence in the council of ministers as a whole is admitted and one expressing lack of confidence in an individual minister is out of order 2. A no confidence motion needs to set out grounds on which it is based. 3. Any no confidence motion once moved can’t be withdrawn 4. Rajya Sabha is not empowered to entertain a motion of no confidence Which of the following given above are not correct?

#41. With reference to Indian public finance, consider the following statements: 1. Disbursements from Public Accounts of India are subject to the Vote of the Parliament 2. The Indian Constitution provides for the establishment of a Consolidated Fund, a Public Account and a Contingency Fund for each State 3. Appropriations and disbursements under the Railway Budget are subject to the same form of parliamentary control as other appropriations and disbursements Which of the statements given above are correct?

#42. Consider the following statements: 1. The Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha are not the members of that House. 2. While the nominated members of the two Houses of the Parliament have no voting right in the presidential election, they have the right to vote in the election of the Vice President. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

#43. In India, other than ensuring that public funds are used efficiently and for intended purpose, what is the importance of the office of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG)? 1. CAG exercises exchequer control on behalf of the Parliament when the President of India declares national emergency/financial emergency. 2. CAG reports on the execution of projects or programmes by the ministries are discussed by the Public Accounts Committee. 3. Information from CAG reports can be used by investigating agencies to press charges against those who have violated the law while managing public finances. 4. While dealing with the audit and accounting of government companies, CAG has certain judicial powers for prosecuting those who violate the law. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

#44. Which of the following statements are correct about Indian Government? 1. Rajya Sabha represents the local interests of the States. 2. A member of Rajya Sabha must be a resident of the State from which he is elected. 3. Number of seats allotted to a State has to be proportionate to its population. 4. The term of a member of Rajya Sabha is same as that of Senator in the US. Codes:

#45. Consider the following statements: The parliamentary Committee on public accounts 1. consists of not more than 25 Members of the Lok Sabha 2. scrutinizes appropriation and finance accounts of the Government 3. examines the report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

#46. Which of the following are quasi judicial bodies: 1. Finance Commission. 2. Central Vigilance Commission 3. National Human Rights Commission. 4. Central Information Commission. 5. Competition Commission of India. 6. Union Public Service Commission. 7. National Commission for SCs.

#47. The Representatives of states & UT in the Rajya Sabha are elected by: 1. The members of the State Legislative Assembly only. 2. The elected members of the State Legislative Assembly only. 3. The system of proportional representation by single transferrable vote. 4. The system of proportional representation by List.

#48. When the House of people clearly and conclusively determines that the government does not command its support, the government has to resign. By which of the ways parliamentary confidence in the government may be expressed by the House of People? 1. Defeating the government on a major issue of policy. 2. Passing an adjournment motion 3. Defeating the government on finance issues 4. Passing a motion of no confidence in the council of ministers.

#49. Which of the following statements are correct: 1. President can nominate 2 members from the Anglo – Indian community if not adequately represented in LS. 2. Governor can nominate 2 members from the Anglo – Indian community if not adequately represented in LA.

#50. Which of the following statement/s is/are correct with regard to Joint State Public Service Commission (JSPS(c): 1. President can provide for a JSPSC on the request of the state legislatures concerned. 2. JSPSC will be considered as a constitutional body with all the powers of a SPSC.

#51. Which of the following funds/authorities/bodies can be audited by CAG: 1. Consolidated funds of India, States & UTs having legislative assembly. 2. Contingency funds of India. 3. Public account of States. 4. Receipts and expenditures of PPP. 5. Local bodies.

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