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Religious Revolution MCQ Questions and Answers

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#1. Consider the following Bhakti Saints: 1. Dadu Dayal 2. Guru Nanak 3. Tyagaraja Who among the above was/were preaching when the Lodi dynasty fell and Babur took over?

#2. List I List II A. Second Sangam 1. Abhidhamma Pitak B. Third Sangam 2. Tolkappiyan C. First Buddhist council 3. Tripitika D. Third Buddhist council 4. Silakhadikaram

#3. The main difference between Jainas and Hindus in treating the ascetics is:

#4. The Doctrine of Karma in Buddhism means:

#5. The Buddhist Law of Doctrine of Karma meant:

#6. The points of similarity between Buddhism and Hinduism is

#7. Which of the following places can be regarded as the largest monastic establishment in Western India (containing 130 caves)?

#8. The Bodhisatva Doctrine is associated with:

#9. What were the ‘Four Great Signs’ that according to Buddhist tradition led Gautama to renounce the world?

#10. Ashoka carved out rock-cut caves at Barabar and Nagarjun hills in Bihar for one of the following:

#11. Who was the founder of Ajeevika sect?

#12. What was the nature of difference between Bhadrabahu and his followers, which led to the split of Jainism into two sects, namely Digambaras and Svetambaras?

#13. Who among the following was King of Magadha, at the time of Mahaparinirvana of Gautam Buddha?

#14. The merchants were attracted to a sect like Buddhism because:

#15. Which of the features given below was not an aspect of Buddhism?

#16. Which one of the following characteristics of Buddhism distinguishes it from Jainism?

#17. The mercantile community was most attracted to Jainism because:

#18. On the basis of which of the following traditional records have the dates of Lord Buddha’s birth and death been fixed?

#19. From the point of view of places of Buddhist pilgrimage/interest, which of the following is the latest archaeological discovery?

#20. The Buddha did not talk of spiritual aspects such as God, soul, life after death, etc. because:

#21. The so-called universities of Nalanda, Vikramshila, etc. were actually:

#22. Which of the following statements is/are applicable to Jain doctrine? 1. The surest way of annihilating Karma is to practice penance. 2. Every object, even the smallest particle has a soul. 3. Karma is the bane of the soul and must be ended. Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

#23. What was the occasion of the Second Buddhist Council?

#24. Which of the following works, included in Vaipulyasutras (nine canonical books of Mahayanists), is a typical Mahayana work containing all the characteristic features of that school?

#25. The admission of which of the following to the Sangha, at the instance of Ananda (the personal attendant of the Master), marked the beginning of an order of nuns in India?

#26. Which of the following writers was the founder of Buddhist logic and has been called the Father of Medieval Nyaya?

#27. Nagarjuna is known as the Einstein of India because:

#28. Which of the following was not one of the reasons for the popularity of Buddhism in China?

#29. Zen Buddhism, introduced in the twelfth century A.D., found its adherents mainly among the warriors and influenced Japanese culture considerabley. The key to enlightenment, according to Zen Buddhism, is:

#30. Which of the following Buddhist Philosopher is said to have visited Nepal in the fourth century A.D. in order to propagate his own doctrine?

#31. Which of the following statements correctly describe the difference between a Chaitya and a Stupa?

#32. Consider the statements : 1. Vinaya texts deal with the monastic discipline. 2. The Visuddhimagga is a part of colonial text. 3. Mahayana texts deal with prajna or wisdom. 4. Sutras in transmigration advocate the doctrine of twelve links of pratiya - samutpada. Which of the above is / are correct ?

#33. Which of the following was not one of the points of religious difference between Buddhism and Jainism?

#34. The Jain Tirthankara Mahavira has been mentioned in the early Buddhist literature as:

#35. Some hold the view that Buddhism was merely a phase of Hinduism. Which of the following was not one of the concepts and practices borrowed by Budhhism from Hinduism/Brahmanism?

#36. Which one of the following hills is/are sacred to the Jainas? 1. Satrunjauyagiri 2. Urjayantogiri 3. Arbudagiri 4. Chandragiri Codes:

#37. Which of the following was not a similarity between Buddhism and Jainism?

#38. The most important event on the death centenary (parinivrana) of the Buddha was the:

#39. Which of the following was not one of the reasons for the gradual decline of Jainism?

#40. The earliest epigraphic evidence mentioning the birth place of Sakyamuni Buddha is obtained from:

#41. Which one among the following Tirthankaras was according to the Svetambar tradition, a lady?

#42. What was the purpose of the Chaityas during the early phase of Buddhism?

#43. Who founded the Lingayat Movement?

#44. Who amongst the following is known as the Light of Asia?

#45. Which one of the following is not included in the eight- fold path of Buddhism?

#46. Who is believed by the Jainas to be the first Tirthankar?

#47. Which one of the following is not a part of early Jains literature?

#48. Which of the following kings of ancient India were patrons of Jainism? 1. Srenika Bimbisara 2. Chandragupta Maurya 3. Kharavela Codes:

#49. The concept of Anuvrata was advocated by:

#50. What were the impacts of Buddhism in Indian culture? 1. The religious indifference between women and shudras were removed by Buddhism. 2. Sanskrit developed as a literary language. 3. In Sanchi, Bharhut, Bodhgaya, Amravati art and paintings were flourished. 4. It popularized idol worship. 5. Concept of residential universities became popular. Which of the above is/are correct?

#51. Which of the following was not one of the reasons for the rapid spread of Jainism amongst the trading community?

#52. Who of the following was a contemporary of Gautama Buddha?

#53. Svetambara Agama was finally edited at the Jain council of__

#54. Anekantavada is a core theory and philosophy of which one of the following?

#55. Which two of the four kings listed below were on friendly term equally with Vardhamana Mahavir and Gautama Buddha? 1. Bibisara of Magadha 2. Ajatasatru of Magadha 3. Prasenjit of Kosala 4. Pradyota of Avanti

#56. Milinda Panho is in the form of a dialogue between the king Menander and Buddhist Monk

#57. Who was the founder of Mahayan sect of Buddhism?

#58. Where did Buddha attain Parinirvana ?

#59. Syadvad is a doctrine of____

#60. Who became the chief of Jain Sangh after the death of Mahavira?

#61. Mother of Gautam Buddha belonged to which dynasty?

#62. Buddha is depicted on the coins of___?

#63. Some Buddhist rock-cut caves are called Chaityas, while the others are called Viharas. What is the difference between the two?

#64. Where did the Mahasamghika school arise ?

#65. What is the greatest debt owed by the Buddhist world to Sri Lanka?

#66. Which one of the following describes best the concept of Nirvana in Buddhism?

#67. The Buddha delivered his first sermon, known as ‘Turning of the wheel of law’ at____?

#68. In Buddhism, what does Patimokkha stand for?

#69. The Jainas believe that Jainism is the outcome of the teachings of 24 tirthankaras. In the light of this statement, which one among the following is correct of Vardhamana Mahavira?

#70. The Fourth Buddhist Council was held in Kashmir under the leadership of_____?

#71. Gautam Buddha delivered his first sermon at which one of the following places?

#72. The importance of Nagarjunakonda stupe is because of its beautiful panels which illustrate episodes from the life of the Buddha. Which of the following is not the characteristic of the scenes depicted? 1. Gods praying to the Boddhisathva to take birth on earth. 2. Buddha’s entry into the womb in the form of a white elephant. 3. Birth of the Buddha under a flowering teak tree etc. 4. Unique representation of the forest animals is a manner which looks as if the entire animal world turned out to worship the Buddha Which of the above is/are correct?

#73. Where did Gautam Buddha give his first sermon?

#74. List-I List-II (Jain Tirthankars) (Cognizance) A. Santi Natha 1. Antelope B. Malli Natha 2. Lion C. Parswa Natha 3. Serpent D. Mahavira 4. Water jar Codes: A B C D

#75. Who of the following is a contemporary of Gautama Buddha?

#76. Why did Buddhism start declining in India in the early medieval times? 1. Buddha was by that time considered as one of the incarnations of Vishnu and this became a part of Vaishanavism. 2. The invading tribes from Central Asia till the time of last Gupta king adopted Hinduism and persecuted Buddhists. 3. The kings of Gupta dynasty were strongly opposed to Buddhism. Which of the above is/are correct?

#77. Match the five major Mauryan provinces with their capitals: A. Uttarapatha I.Ujjain (Northern Province) B. Avantiratha II. Suvarnagiri (Western Province) C. Dakshinapatha III. Tosali (Southern Province) D. Prachya IV. Pataliputra (Eastern Province) E. Central Province V. Taxila A B C D E

#78. Who among the following was a contemporary of Gautam Buddha?

#79. With reference to the ancient India, which of the following was / were common to both Buddhism and Jainism? 1. Avoidance to extremities of penance and enjoyment 2. Indifference to the authority of the Vedas 3. Denial of efficacy of rituals Select the correct answers

#80. Which of the following were common to both Buddhism and Jainism? 1. Avoidance of extremities of penance and enjoyment. 2. Indifference to the authority of the vedas. 3. Denial of efficiency of rituals 4. Non - injury to animal life. Which of the above is / are correct ?

#81. With reference to Jainism which one of the following statements is correct? 1. Jainism enjoyed the patronage of the kalinga king Kharavela in the 1st century BC. 2. In the initial stage of Jainism, the Jainas worshipped images unlike Buddhist.

#82. Which of the following is/are true regarding Buddhism? 1. It did not reject Varna and Jati. 2. It challenged the highest social ranking of Brahmanas. 3. It regarded certain jobs as low. Choose the correct code.

#83. List-I List-II (Jain Tirthankara) (Birth place) A. Ajitnath 1. Kashi B. Vimalnath 2. Hastinapur C. Shantinath 3. Kampilya D. Parshavanath 4. Ayodhya Codes: A B C D

#84. Which of the following are characteristic ascribed to Buddhis m? Choose the correct answer given below: 1. Theory of Prakrit and Purusha 2. Rejection of the authority of the Vedas 3. Emphasis on the role of the individual 4. Beliefs in the categories of Jiva and Ajiva

#85. Which of the following are true of Jainism? 1. It has affinity with the Sankhya system of philosophy. 2. It completely rejected the concept of the soul. 3. It has affinity with the Vedanta system of philosophy. 4. According to it the world consists of two eternal categories, viz., conscious Jiva and unconscious (Ajiva). Choose the correct answer from the codes given below.

#86. Which of the following Kingdoms were associated with the life of the Buddha? 1. Avanti 2. Gandhara 3. Kosala 4. Magadha Select the correct answer using the code given below.

#87. With reference to Buddhist history, tradition and culture in India, consider the following pairs : Famous shrine Location 1. Tabo monastery and : Spiti Valley temple complex 2. Lhotsava Lhakhang : Zanskar Valley temple, Nako 3. Alchi temple complex : Ladakh Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

#88. Consider the following statements regarding Greek’s influence of Indian Culture. 1. The Indo-Greek king, mahendra was convertd to Buddhism by Buddhist monk and philosopher, nagasena. 2. Indian astrology was influenced by Greek ideas with the term Horastra used for astrology in Sanskrit. 3. Greeks introduced into Indian astronomy the methods of calculating eclipses, the notion of methods of calculating eclipses, the notion of parallax and methods of calculating it. 4. Greeks introduced the use of curtain in Indian theatre. Which of the above is/are correct ?

#89. Consider the following statements 1. The Buddhists in Deccan excavated rock-cut Chaityas and the Vaishnavas, Shaivas and Jainas imitated these in later centuries. 2. The Vaishnavas, Shaivas and Jainas excavated temples at sites far distant from rock-cut Chaityas. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

#90. Consider the following statements 1. The Jains believed that Mahavira had twenty-three predecessors. 2. Parshvanatha was twenty-third Tirthankara. 3. Rishava was immediate successor of Mahavira. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

#91. Directions The following questions consist of two statements, StatementI and Statement II. You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the answers to these questions using the codes given below Codes Statement I: Mahavira initially joined a group of ascetics called Nirgranthas. Statement II: The sect was founded 200 years earlier by Parsva.

#92. List-I List-II (Tirthankara) (Birth place) A. Rishabhanatha 1. Kashi B. Sambhavanatha 2. Kausambi C. Padmanabha 3. Saravasti D. Parashvanath 4. Ayodhya Codes: A B C D

#93. The national motto of India, ‘Satyameva Jayate’ inscribed below the Emblem of India is taken from

#94. List-I List-II (Characters) (Related objects) A. Vishu 1. Katyotsarga Posture B. Gautama Buddha 2. Flask and rosary C. Jina 3. Dharmachakra Pravartana Mudra D. Bodhisattva 4. Garudadhvaja Maiteya Codes: A B C D

#95. List-I List-II (Vedangas) (Their subject) A. Nirukta 1. Metres B. Shiksha 2. Etymology C. Kalpa 3. Astrology D. Chhadas 4. Phonetic 5. Ritual Codes: A B C D

#96. List-I List- II A. Rahul 1. Buddhas’s father B. Alara Kalam 2. Buddha’s cousin C. Suddhodhana 3. Buddha’s son D. Devdatta 4. The sage who taught meditation to Budhha E. Siddhartha 5. Buddha’s original name A B C D E

#97. List-I List-II A. Birth 1. Stupa B. First Sermon 2. Lotus and bull C. Nirvana 3. Dharmachakra D. Parinirvana 4. Bodhi tree Codes: A B C D

#98. Which of the following was/were not related to Buddha’s life? 1.Kanthaka, 2. Alara Kalama, 3.Channa, 4.Goshala Maskariputra Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

#99. List-I List-II A. Ajit Kesh Kamblin 1. Fatalism B. Sanjay Vethalipulta 2. Atomist C. Pakudh Kachayan 3. Materialism D. Puran Kashyap 4. Materialism- Synicism Codes: A B C D

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