Indian Freedom Struggle Part – 1 MCQ Questions and Answers




#1. Which of the four linguistic regions in South India remained unaffected by the Non-Cooperation Movement (1921-22) ?

#2. A striking characteristic of Indian cultural Renaissance was:

#3. The earliest movement which took up the cause of lower caste against Brahmana domination was

#4. The Anti-Partition movement was initiated on

#5. Who said “If it was proved to me that it (untouchability) is an essential part of Hinduism I for one would declare myself an open rebel against Hinduism itself”?

#6. Identify the institution which was turned into Banaras Hindu University by Madan Mohan Malaviya.

#7. Which one of the following sets of powers constituted the anti-British front in 1780?

#8. In 1888, Sir Syed Ahmed founded the

#9. “Patriotism is religion and religion is love for India”- whose utterance is this?

#10. Identify the social reformers of Maharashtra who adopted the pen name of “Lokahitawadi”?

#11. Which Sikh Guru began ‘Sachcha Padshah’?

#12. What was the objective of Vaikom Satyagraha launched in Kerala?

#13. Which one of the following Sikh Guru enjoyed the rank of 5000 zat and 5000 sawar under the Mughals?

#14. The transformation of the Sikhs into a military, fighting community was began by

#15. The Cabinet Mission Plan for India envisaged a

#16. In which book did Dadabhai Nauroji present his ‘Drain of wealth theory’?

#17. Dadabhai Nauroji, the greatest exponent of the theory of ‘Drain of wealth’ called the economic exploitation of India

#18. Who was the founder of ‘Drain Theory’ which among others, exposed the constant drain of wealth from India to England:

#19. The original name of Banda Bahadur was

#20. The word Adivasi was used for the first time to refer to the tribal people by:

#21. Annie Besant was

#22. The Ilbert Bill controversy was related to the

#23. The Radcliffe Committee was appointed to

#24. Who among the following was the Minister and Chief Advisor of Nana Saheb Peshwa?

#25. What was/were the object/objects of Queen Victoria’s Proclamation (1858)?

#26. The last opportunity to avoid the partition of India was lost with the rejection of :

#27. The educated middle class in India:

#28. With reference to the ‘revolt of the year’ , who of the following was betrayed by a ‘friend’ captured and put to death by the British?

#29. The meeting of Indian and British political leaders during 1930–32 in London has often been referred to as the First, Second and Third Round Table Conferences. It would be incorrect to refer to them as such because:

#30. Which one of the following is not correct about the Cabinet Mission Plan ?

#31. The Partition of Bengal made by Lord Curzon in 1905 lasted until

#32. ‘Abhinav Bharat’ a secret society of revolutionaries was organized by:

#33. The first venture of Gandhi in all-India politics was the:

#34. During the Indian freedom struggle, the Khudai Khidmatgars, also known as Red Shirts called for:

#35. Which one of the following had supported the Non Cooperation Resolution of Mahatma Gandhi in the special session of the Indian National Congress at Calcutta in 1920?

#36. During the freedom struggle, Aruna Asaf Ali was a major woman organizer of underground activity in:

#37. During the Indian freedom struggle, the National Social Conference was formed. What was the reason for its formation?

#38. Where did Vivekananda attend the World’s Parliament of Religion in 1893?

#39. Which one of the following chronological orders of the given events is correct ?

#40. The demand for the Tebhaga Peasant Movement in Bengal was for

#41. The Indian Muslims, in general, were not attracted to the Extremist movement because of :

#42. In which state, the Kondo Dora revolt broke out?

#43. Before the Quit India movement, the British government made a plan to imprison Gandhi and other Congress leaders. The plan was known as —

#44. During whose tenure, the resolution of total Independence was passed?

#45. In which of the following movements, did Mahatma Gandhi make the first use of hunger strike as a weapon?

#46. Direct Action Day was observed by Muslim League on

#47. Where was the ‘Jatiya Sarkar’ formed during the Quit India Movement?

#48. In which of the following sessions of Indian National Congress, Mahatma Gandhi had said, “Gandhi may die but Gandhism will remain forever”?

#49. Who is the author of the book entitled ‘A Nation in the Making’?

#50. Who started the Ahmadiyya Movement in 1889?

#51. Aruna Asaf Ali was connected with which one of the following movements as a woman organizer of underground activity?

#52. Who of the following had called Subhash Chandra Bose as ‘Desh Nayak’?

#53. A Provisional Government of India with Raja Mahendra Pratap as its president was established during the First World War in

#54. Who out of the following had said “ Destruction is the best method of dealing with the foreign clothes”?

#55. Where was Mahatma Gandhi when a raid was made by Congress Volunteers on Dharasana Salt Depot?

#56. Who among the following attended all the three Round Table Conferences?

#57. Who among the following leaders escaped from the prison and organized underground activities during the Quit India Movement?

#58. Which one of the following is the correct chronological sequence of events during the Indian freedom struggle ?

#59. Find out the non-precursor of the 1857 revolt

#60. Find out the wrongly stated after effects of the Swadeshi movement.

#61. An important administrative reform for which the early nationalists agitated concerned

#62. The War of Independence of 1857 failed because

#63. Gopal Krishna Gokhale founded

#64. Who, among the early nationalists, carried on active propaganda in England to persuade the British to yield to their demands?

#65. Which of the following was not one of the demands of the Moderates about which they organized agitations on constitutional lines during 1885 to 1905?

#66. The Swadeshi movement was started because

#67. Jiatrang Movement started in

#68. What was the real objective of the partition of Bengal?

#69. Which of the following was not one of the causes for the rise of Extremism in the Congress?

#70. Which of the following was not one of the objectives and methods of the Extremists in the Congress?

#71. Identify the most important of the early secret societies of terrorist youth set-up

#72. Which of the following was not one of the factors responsible for the wide acceptance of the cult of extremism?

#73. Why were Tilak and others imprisoned in 1897?

#74. Why did the Europeans in India start a vigorous movement for the repeal of the Ilbert Bill?

#75. The main cause behind the rise of the Faraizi Movement was that

#76. What was the charge against Bal Gangadhar Tilak for which he was sentenced to six years’ transportation in July 1908?

#77. Indian National Movement was influenced by-in the early twentieth century

#78. The large-scale expression of Militant nationalism for the first time, was against:

#79. The special feature of the All India Congress session at Surat was that

#80. Which one of the following was the main reason for the split between the Moderates and the Extremist at the Surat session of the INC in 1905 known as ‘Surat Split’?

#81. Which of the following was not one of the measures suggested by Raja Rammohan Roy for the betterment of the peasant’s lot?

#82. Which one of the following is the correct chronological order of the freedom movements of India?

#83. Which of the following was not one of Raja Rammohan Roy’s suggestions for organizing the Company’s government on a more rational basis?

#84. Who among the following was the Governor-General of India immediately preceding Chakravarthi Raja gopalachari?

#85. Name the militant nationalist who had a leading role in propagating the Swadeshi sentiments to the rest of the country.

#86. With which one of the following did the Civil Disobedience Movement in India commerce?

#87. After 1857, which of the following announced, at a Darbar at Allahabad, the assumption of the Government of India by the Sovereign of Great Britain?

#88. Who among the following was the founder of the Muslim League?

#89. The Nehru-Liaquat Pact between India and Pakistan was signed in 1950 to resolve the issue of  

#90. Who among the following Urdu poets was invited to the Second and Third Round Table Conference?

#91. Who among the following was thrice elected President of the Indian National Congress?

#92. Who among the following was not a member of the Cabinet Mission?

#93. In which one of the following sessions was the Indian National Congress split into moderates and extremists?

#94. The Morley-Minto Reforms which were passed in 1909.

#95. Who among the following was not a member of the Constituent Assembly?   

#96. Who among the following had moved the objectives resolution which formed the basis of the Preamble of the Constitution of India in the Constituent Assembly on December 13, 1946?

#97. The Doctrines of ‘Non-Violence’ and ‘Civil Disobedience’ associated with Mahatma Gandhi were influenced by the works of

#98. Which of the following statements on Gandhian movements is not correct?

#99. After the death of Raja Rammohan Roy, the Brahmo Samaj split into two sections; the Brahmo Samaj of India and the Adi Brahmo Samaj. Who were the leaders of the two sections, respectively?

#100. October 26, 1947 is an important date in the Indian history, because of   

#101. Which one among the following prompted Rabindranath Tagore to surrender his title of ‘Sir’?  

#102. Who drafted the Constitution of Muslim League, ‘The Green Book’?

#103. Which one of the following commissions/ committees was appointed by the British Government to investigate the massacre in Jallianwala Bagh?

#104. ‘Dyarchy’ was first introduced in India under

#105. When Lord Mountbatten became the first GovernorGeneral of India, who among the following became the Governor-General for Pakistan?

#106. Consider the following paragraph He was seriously injured in police lathi charge in Lahore during demonstrations against Simon Commission, for which he subsequently died in November, 1928. Later on, the British officer who was responsible for the lathi charge on him, was shot dead by Bhagat Singh and Rajguru. The revolutionary referred to in the above paragraph is

#107. Which among the following are the five principles of peaceful co-existence of Panchsheel as outlined by Jawaharlal Nehru?

#108. Which one of the following statements regarding the Revolt of 1857 is not correct?

#109. Which one among the following statements appropriately defines the term ‘Drain Theory’ as propounded by Dadabhai Naoroji in his work ‘Poverty and Un–British Rule in India’?

#110. To which among the following the residuary powers were conferred by the federation established by the act of 1935?

#111. Consider the following statement and identify the author of the statement using the codes given below I shall work for an India in which the poorest shall feel that it is their country, in whose making they have an effective voice, an India in which there shall be no high class and low class of people, an India in which all communities shall live in perfect harmony.

#112. Which one among the following statements regarding the social and religious reform ideas of Raja Rammohan Roy is not correct?

#113. The most fearless and bold woman leader of the peasant movement, who sacrificed her life to protect peasants’ rights, was:

#114. Consider the following statement and identify with the help of the codes given below, the person who made the statement ‘It would be quite impossible for a few hundred British to administer against the active opposition of the whole of the politically minded of the population.

#115. In addition to Macaulay’s Minutes on Education, another landmark draft is also attributed to him. Identify the draft from the following.

#116. Who among the following was elected as the President of All India Khilafat Conference met at Delhi in 1919?

#117. What was the ‘privy purse’ in the context of the history of modern India?

#118. The Constituent Assembly of India was chosen on the basis of the provincial elections of 1946. With the withdrawal of the Muslim League from the Constituent Assembly, it turned out that majority of the assembly members were also members of the Congress. Under that circumstance, how was the Constituent Assembly given a broader social basis?

#119. The first effort at drafting a Dominion Status Constitution for India was made in response to the

#120. The Iron Pillar near Qutub Minar draws attention of scientists due to its

#121. Which one among the following was part of Gandhi Irwin Agreement of 1931?

#122. Gandhi led the Indian Nationalist Movement from the front and his leadership was motivated by a wider philosophy he nurtured throughout the course of the movement. Which one among the following was a continuous movement based on this philosophy and not a specific movement?

#123. Which one among the following was not a demand of the Prarthana Samaj?

#124. The Name of Ram Prasad Bismil is associated with

#125. Who among the following first used the word ‘Swarajya’ in its political sense and accepted Hindi as the national language of India?

#126. Which one among the following states was first annexed by Lord Dalhousie under the Doctrine of Lapse?

#127. Which one among the following statements is correct?

#128. Which among the following was the most immediate factor for the spread of Swadeshi and boycott of foreign goods during the first decade of the last century?

#129. Which one among the following principles was not propagated by the Theosophical Society?

#130. Which one among the following statements regarding Bal Gangadhar Tilak is not correct?

#131. Which one among the following is correct about the Doctrine of Lapse?  

#132. Which one among the following correctly describes Gandhi's attitude towards the Swarajist leaders?

#133. Several nationalist leaders in India wrote commentaries on the Bhagavad Gita to argue the case for an ethical foundation to Indian nationalism, who among the following is an exception to it?

#134. Who among the following was not associated with the foundation of the All India Trade Union Congress?

#135. Several socio-political organizations were formed in the 19th and 20th centuries in India, Anjuman-e-Khawatin-eIslam founded in the year 1914 was

#136. Consider the following ‘India would be far more reliable as a base for operations. Moreover, the prospect of a settlement will be greatly enhanced by the disappearance of Gandhi, who had for years torpedoed every attempt at a settlement.’ The above statement was made by the British in the context of

#137. Which one among the following was the primary reason behind the failure of the Young Bengal Movement in Bengal?

#138. Which one among the following statements about the Civil Disobedience Movement is correct?

#139. Which among the following was the reason for the resignations of the Indian Ministers in all the provinces in the year 1939?

#140. The social ideals of Mahatma Gandhi were first put forth in

#141. Who among the following was not associated with the activities of the Theosophical Society?

#142. The Ghadar party, formed in the USA, was determined to start a revolt in India. Which among the following provinces did the party choose to begin its armed revolt ?

#143. Dalhousie has been regarded as the maker of modern India because he brought about reforms and made a beginning in many fields. Which one among the following was not one of his schemes of reforms?


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