Biodiversity MCQ Questions and Answers



#1. The maximum biodiversity is found in

#2. Which one of the following trees is considered to be an environmental hazard ?

#3. Which one of the following is the most important factor responsible for decline of biodiversity?

#4. Which one of the following is important strategy for the conservation of biodiversity ?

#5. Endangered species are listed in

#6. Which of the following environmentalists first gave the concept of Biodiversity ‘Hotspots’ ?

#7. The loss of biodiversity is due to

#8. The greatest diversity of animal and plant species occurs in

#9. Which one among the following is not an endangered bird of India?

#10. Under optional conditions, the fruit fly (Drosophila) is capable of producing a new generation every two weeks. This ability is referred to as the ............ of the species.

#11. ‘Nitrosomonas’ bacteria in the root modules of leguminous plants converts nitrogen gas from air into inorganic nitrogen compounds which enrich the soil and can be readily used by plants. Multiple cropping with legumes can thus significantly reduce the need for

#12. In dry regions, the leaf size of a tree becomes smaller. It is so to

#13. REDD Plus Programme is concerned with which of the following ?

#14. Which one of the following plants is used for green manuring in India ?

#15. Which among the following are the major reasons behind preferring eucalyptus tree in the planned forestation process?

#16. Polar bears are carnivores and prey on many arctic birds and fishes. However, under natural conditions, no one found polar bears predating any penguin. This is because

#17. Given below are two statements:

#18. How does National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) help in protecting the Indian agriculture?

#19. Consider the following protected areas:

#20. Which of the following can be threats to the biodiversity of a geographical area?

#21. Consider the following statements:

#22. The Red Data Books published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) contains lists of

#23. Biodiversity forms the basis for human existence in the following ways:

#24. Which of the following regions of India have been designated as biodiversity hotspots? Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

#25. Which of the following are the incorrect statements about ‘Keystone species’.

#26. Consider the following statements:

#27. Consider the following statements and choose the correct ones:

#28. Consider the following statements and choose the correct ones.

#29. Consider the following statements

#30. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) red list version 2013 of the birds indicates 15 species of birds from India as critically endangered. The reason for the decline in the number of these birds are:

#31. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) on 30 January 2014 completed its 50 years of the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in guiding conservation action and policy decisions. The IUCN:

#32. The steps taken by the Government of India for conversion of endangered species are

#33. The three species of vultures that are critically endangered that have declined by more than 97 percent since 1990s are:

#34. Consider the following statements

#35. Which of the following are the new species of freshwater catfish discovered in Idukki and Pathanamthitta districts of Kerala in November 2013?

#36. Which of the following has been cited as a cause for the deaths of the Penguin chicks from the world’s largest colony of Magellanic Penguins

#37. Dung beetles live in regions where cattle graze, quickly burying and recycling cattle droppings. Because of the dung beetles activities, breeding habitats for disease-carrying flies are reduced and the plants upon which cattle feed are nourished. The relationship between the dung beetles and the diseasecarrying flies is a type of :

#38. Flea beetles alone are unlikely to eliminate all of the leafy spurge in a region. Instead, the number of leafy spurge plants and the number of flea beetles in a particular community may stabilize. At this point, the leafy spurge and flea beetle populations:

#39. The concept of biodiversity hotspots is given by :

#40. Biodiversity Hotspot are characterized on the basis of:

#41. In India, if a species of tortoise is declared protected under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, what does it imply ?

#42. According to the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, which of the following animals cannot be hunted by any person except under some provisions provided by law?

#43. If you want to see gharials in their natural habitat, which one of the following is the best place to visit?

#44. Due to some reasons, if there is a huge fall in the population of species of butterflies, what could be its likely consequence/consequences?


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