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Swami Vivekananda (GS-1 Personalities)

Current Affairs

Context

The birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda is celebrated as National Youth Day on 12th January every year.

About

  • Swami Vivekananda was born on 12th January 1863 in Calcutta in Kolkata and was originally named Narendra Nath Das.
  • He was the chief disciple of Ramkrishna Paramhansa after whose name he had opened Ramakrishna Mission in 1897.
  • Adopted the name Swami Vivekananda in 1863 on the recommendation of Raja Ajit Singh of Kheri.

Contributions

  • He has introduced the Indian philosophy of Vedanta to the Western world. He preached Neo Vedanta which main interpretation of Hindu philosophy through a Western lens and he believe in combining spirituality and material gain of the world.
  • Advocate education for the upliftment of motherland and believe that the main purpose of education is character building.
  • He was well known for the speech delivered by him in the first parliament of religion in Chicago in 1893.    
  • Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose has addressed him as the maker of modern India 
  • Swami Vivekananda spelled four ways to attain Moksha in his book which are Rajyog, Karmyog Janyog, and Bhakti Yog.
  • He established Belur Math in 1899.
  • He died in 1902 in Belur in West Bengal which is the headquarter of Ramakrishna Mission.

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