State Health Index for 2019–20

by | Current Affairs

Context 

NITI Aayog has released the 4th edition of the state health index titled Healthy States, Progressive India.

About

  1. It is annual tool to track progress on health outcome and health system performance  state  and ut since 2017.
  2. It is  released by niti aayog in collaboration with world bank and ministry of health and family welfare.
  3. It is a weighted composite index based on 24 indicators grouped under the three category of:
  • Health Outcomes which include parameter like neonatal mortality rate (death with in 28 days of birth ), sex ratio at birth , mortality under5 
  • Governance and Information include parameters such as institutional delivery , average occupancy of senior officers in key posts earmarked for health.
  • Key Inputs/Processes It consists of proportion of shortfall in health care providers to what is recommended, functional medical facilities, birth and death registration and tuberculosis treatment success rate.

Ranking of State 

To ensure comparison among similar entities, the ranking is categorized as:

  1. Larger States: In terms of annual incremental performance, Uttar Pradesh, Assam and Telangana are the top three ranking states.
  2. Smaller States: Mizoram and Meghalaya registered the maximum annual incremental progress.
  3. Union Territories: Delhi, followed by Jammu and Kashmir, showed the best incremental performance.
  4. Overall: The top-ranking states were Kerala and Tamil Nadu among the ‘Larger States’, Mizoram and Tripura among the ‘Smaller States’, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu and Chandigarh among the UTs.
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