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GLOBAL HEALTH SECURITY INDEX

Current Affairs

Why in news 

The Global Health Security Index 2021 has been released. Released by è Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) and the Johns Hopkins Center for HealthSecurity. The report was developed withEconomist Impact (think-tank).

About 

The GHS Index 2021 is the first comprehensive assessment and benchmarking of health security and related capacities of 195 countries to prepare for epidemics and pandemics.

By assessing these capacities every 2-3 years,the GHS Index stimulates political will and action to prioritize addressing these gaps.

This Index has assessed countries across 6 categories, 37 indicators and 171 questions, using instantly available information.

Scoring è The overall score (0–100) for each country is a weighted sum of the six categories, in which 100 represents the most favourable health security conditions and 0 represents the least favourable conditions.

Findings

  • The world’s overall performance on the GHS Index score slipped to 38.9 (out of 100) in 2021, from a score of 40.2 in 2019.
  • This, even as infectious diseases are expected to have the greatest impact on the global economy in the next decade.
  • In 2021, no country scored in the top tier of rankings and no country scored above 75.9.The report showed that India has slipped by 0.8 points since 2019 (India, with a score of 42.8 – out of 100).

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