Deadly Earthquake strikes Morocco

Current Affairs, Environment & Diversity

A devastating earthquake struck Morocco, resulting in significant casualties and damage.

Details of the Moroccan Earthquake

  • Shallow Epicenter: The earthquake’s epicentre occurred about 70 kilometres southwest of Marrakech, close to the village of Ighil. With different depth estimations, it was thought to be relatively shallow.
  • Higher Energy: Compared to deeper quakes, shallow earthquakes are usually more deadly since they are more energetic.

Major Causes

  • Tectonic convergence: An intricate plate boundary that connected the African and Eurasian tectonic plates in a northward convergence caused the earthquake.
  • The Moroccan High Atlas Mountain range’s oblique-reverse faulting at a shallow depth was the cause of the earthquake, according to the USGS.
  • Classification of Faults Oblique-slip faults, which develop in regions of compression when tectonic plates converge, have traits of both dip-slip and strike-slip faults.

What is an Earthquake?

  • An earthquake is a severe shaking of the ground brought on by underground movement.
  • It occurs when two earthen bricks unexpectedly slip past one another.
  • This causes seismic waves, which propagate through the earth and cause the ground to tremble, to be released as “elastic strain” energy.

What exactly causes Earthquakes?

  • As we all know, the crust of the earth is broken up into tectonic plates.
  • Plate borders, which are composed of faults, are the edges of the plates.
  • The tectonic plates continuously travel slowly past one another and collide with one another.
  • The plates’ rough edges cause them to become glued to one another while the rest of the plate continues to move.
  • When the plate has shifted sufficiently, and one of the faults’ edges is unstuck, an earthquake occurs.
  • The epicentre, which is located just above the hypocenter on the earth’s surface, is where the earthquake begins, which is located below the surface of the planet.

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