UPSC Previous Year question paper -1996-2000- Structure of the Indian Economy & Demographics



UPSC previous year question paper of subject Structure of the Indian Economy & Demographics from the year 1996-2000 with answers.



#1. Which one of the following statements is false? (2000)

#2. Consider the following statements about the megacities of India: [2000] 1. Population of each megacity is more than 5 million 2. All the megacities are important sea ports 3. Megacities are either national or state capitals. Which of these statements are correct ?

#3. Indian Human Development Report does not give for each sample village: (2000)

#4. In an open economy, the national income (Y) of the economy is: (C, I, G, X, M stand for Consumption, Investment, Govt. Expenditure, total exports and total imports respectively.) (2000)

#5. The first Indian State to have its Human Development Report prepared and released by Amartya Kumar Sen in Delhi is : (1999)

#6. Among which one of the following sets of social/religious groups is the extent of poverty the highest, as per Government statistics for the nineties? (1999)

#7. Which one of the following statements regarding the levying, collecting and distribution of Income Tax is correct? (1999)

#8. Persons below the poverty line in India are classified as such based whether: (1999)

#9. Assertion (A) : Fiscal deficit is greater than budgetary deficit. Reason (R) : Fiscal deficit is the borrowing from the Reserve Bank of India plus other liabilities of the Government to meet its expenditure. (1999)

#10. Assertion (A) : Devaluation of a currency may promote export. [1999] Reason (R) : Price of the country’s products in the international market may fall due to devaluation.

#11. The current Price Index (base 1960) is nearly 330. This means that the price of (1998)

#12. Human Poverty Index was introduced in the Human Development Report of the year: (1998)

#13. The supply-side economics lays greater emphasis on the point of view of : (1998)

#14. A consumer is said to be in equilibrium, if: (1998)

#15. The Capital Account Convertibility of the Indian Rupee implies: (1998)

#16. (c) A- 4, B- 1, C-2, D -3 (d) A- 1, B- 3, C-4, D -2 19. What is the correct sequence of the descending order of the following States in respect of female literacy rates as per the 2001 census? [1997] 1. Mizoram 2. Kerala 3. Goa 4. Nagaland Choose the correct answer using the codes given below:

#17. The Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) was introduced in the Budget of the Government of India for the year: (1997)

#18. National Income is: (1997)

#19. (d) National Income Deflation 15. Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Assertion (A) : The emergence of economic globalism does not imply the decline of socialist ideology. Reason (R) : The ideology of socialism believes in Universalism and globalism. [1997] In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

#20. In India, inflation is measured by the: (1997)

#21. Human Development Index comprises literacy rates, life expectancy at birth and (1997)

#22. As per the 1991 Census, the average size of households in terms of number of persons per household in respect of the given states follows the sequence (highest first, lowest last) (1996)

#23. A redistribution of income in a country can be best brought about through: (1996)

#24. Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R): [1996] Assertion (A) : Though India’s national income has gone up several fold since 1947, there has been no marked improvement in the per capita income level. Reason (R) : Sizeable proportion of the population of India is still living below the poverty line. In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

#25. One of the important goals of the economic liberalisation policy is to achieve full convertibility of the Indian rupee. This is being advocated because: (1996)

#26. Which one of the following is correct regarding stabilization and structural adjustment as two components of the new economic policy adopted in India? (1996)

#27. The main reason for low growth rate in India, inspite of high rate of savings and capital formation is : (1995)

#28. One of the reasons for India’s occupational structure remaining more or less the same over the years has been that (1995)

#29. Corporation tax: (1995)

#30. The Narasimham Committee for financial sector Reforms has suggested reduction in (1995)

#31. Which one of the following is true regarding the Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY)? (1995)

#32. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched? [1995] 1. Increase in—Monetary expansion 2. Low import growth rate in India-Recession in Indian industry 3. Euro-issues—Shares held by Indian companies in European countries 4. Portfolio investment—Foreign institutional investors.

#33. According to the 1991 Census, the highest percentage of population in India is to be found in the age group of : (1995)


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