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UPSC Previous Year question paper -1996- 2000- Indian National Movement

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PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTION PAPERS

UPSC previous year question paper of subject Indian National Movement from the year 1996- 2000 with answers.

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#1. Consider the following statements about the Indian National Congress: 1. Sarojini Naidu was the first woman to be the President of the Congress 2. C.R. Das was in prison when he functioned as the President of the Congress 3. The first Britisher to become the President of the Congress was Alan Octavian Hume 4. Alfred Webb was the President of the Congress in 1894. Which of these statements are correct? (2000)

#2. The Balkan Plan for fragmentation of India was the brain child of (2000)

#3. At the time of partition of India, which one of the following provinces of British India came forward with a plan for a united and independent existence? (2009)

#4. While delivering the presidential address, the Congress President who advocated the introduction of Roman script for Hindi language was: (2000)

#5. The following items consist of two statements, one labelled as 'Assertion A' and the other labelled as 'Reason R', You are to examine these two statement carefully and decide if the Assertion 'A' and the Reason 'R' are individually true and if so, whether the Reason is a correct explanation of the Assertion. Select your answers to these items using the codes given below and mark your answer sheet accordingly Assertion (A): The basic weakness of the early nationalist movement lay in its narrow social base Reason (R): If fought for the narrow interests of the social groups which joined it. (2000)

#6. The following items consist of two statements, one labelled as 'Assertion A' and the other labelled as 'Reason R', You are to examine these two statement carefully and decide if the Assertion 'A' and the Reason 'R' are individually true and if so, whether the Reason is a correct explanation of the Assertion. Select your answers to these items using the codes given below and mark your answer sheet accordingly. Assertion (A): Lord Linlithgo described the August Movement of 1942 as the most serious revolt after the Sepoy mutiny. Reason (R): Peasants joined the movement in large number in some places (2000)

#7. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [2000] List-I List-II A. Chittagong 1. Kalpana Dutt Armoury Raid B. Abhinav Bharat 2. Guru Ram Singh C. Anushilan Samiti 3. Vikram Damodar Savarkar D. Kuka Movement 4. Aurobindo Ghosh

#8. After returning from South Africa, Gandhiji launched his first successful satyagraha in: (2000)

#9. The native state of Tripura became involved in the freedom movement early in the 20th century because: [2000]

#10. As an alternative to the partition of India, Gandhiji suggested to Mountbatten that he: (2000)

#11. The Indian National Army (I.N.A.) came into existence in 1943 in: (2000)

#12. Which one of the following is not a feature of the Government of India Act of 1935? [2000]

#13. "In this instance we could not play off the Mohammedans against the Hindus." To which one of the following events did this remark of Aitchison relate? (2000)

#14. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [1999] List-I List-II A. Shyamji Krishna 1. Bande Mataram Varma B. Madame Bhikaji 2. Indian Sociologist Cama C. Annie Besant 3. The Talwar D. Aurobindo Gosh 4. Commonwealth

#15. The Congress policy of pray and petition ultimately came to an end under the guidance of: [1999]

#16. The first venture of Gandhi in all-India politics was the: (1999)

#17. Assertion (A): Lord Linlithgow described the August Movement of 1942 as the most serious rebellion since Sepoy Mutiny. Reason (R): There was massive upsurge of the peasantry in certain areas. (1999)

#18. The term "imperial preference" was applied to the: [1999]

#19. Which one of the following Indian leaders was dismissed by the British from the Indian Civil Service? [1999]

#20. Which one of the following leaders of the Congress was totally in favour of Cabinet Mission Plan? [1999]

#21. Which Indian nationalist leader looked upon a war between Germany and Britain as a God-sent opportunity which would enable Indians to exploit the situation to their advantage? (1999)

#22. 'It made its proposals in May. It still wanted a united India. There was to be a Federal Union composed of British provinces' [1999] The above quotation is related to:

#23. The most short-lived of all of the Britain's constitutional experiments in India was the: (1999)

#24. 'Abinava Bharat' a secret society of revolutionaries was organised by: (1999)

#25. At the time of India's Independence, Mahatma Gandhi was: [1998]

#26. The Indian National Congress agreed in 1947 to the partition of the country mainly because: (1998)

#27. At the time of India's Independence, Mahatma Gandhi was: [1998]

#28. The Indian National Congress agreed in 1947 to the partition of the country mainly because: [1998]

#29. When the Indian Muslims League was inducted into the interim government in 1946, Liyaqat Ali Khan was assigned the portfolio of : (1998)

#30. Assertion (A): Gandhi stopped the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1922. Reason (R): Violence at Chauri-Chaura led him to stop the movement(1998)

#31. Assertion (A): The Congress rejected the Cripps proposals. Reason (R): The Cripps Mission consisted solely of whites. [1998]

#32. Assertion (A): The first ever Bill to make primary education compulsory in India was rejected in 1911. Reason (R): Discontent would have increased if every cultivator could read. [1998]

#33. Assertion (A): Partition of Bengal in 1905 brought to an end the moderates' role in the Indian freedom movement. Reason (R): The Surat session of Indian National Congress separated the Extremists from the Moderates. [1998]

#34. Assertion (A): The Khilafat movement did bring the urban Muslims into the fold of the National Movement. Reason (R): There was a predominant element of anti–imperialism in both the National and Khilafat Movement (1998)

#35. Lord Mountbatten came to India as a Viceroy with specific instruction to: (1998)

#36. Who was the leader of the Ghaddar Party? (1998)

#37. "The Congress is tottering to its fall and one of my great ambitions while in India, is to assist it to a peaceful demise. "This statement is attributed to (1998)

#38. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched? [1998] 1. Theodore Beck : Mohammedan Anglo Oriental College, Aligarh. 2. Ilbert Bill: Ripon 3. Pherozeshah Mehta: Indian National Congress 4. Badruddin Tyabji: Muslims League Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

#39. Which one of the following defines extremist ideology during the early phase of Indian freedom movement? (1998)

#40. What is the correct sequence of the following events? 1. The August offer [1998] 2. The I.N.A trial 3. The Quit India Movement 4. The Royal Indian Naval Ratings' Revolt. Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

#41. Which one of the following events, was characterised by Montague as 'Preventive Murder'? [1998]

#42. The Indian Muslims, in general, were not attracted to the Extremist movement because of : [1998]

#43. Simon Commission of 1927 was boycotted because: [1998]

#44. (d) Servants of India Society 29. What is the correct sequence of the following events? 1. Tilak's Home Rule League [1998] 2. Karnagatamaru Incident 3. Mahatma Gandhi's arrival in India Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

#45. M.C. Setalvad, B.N. Rao and Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer were distinguished members of the: [1997]

#46. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer: List-I List-II [1997] A. Chittagaon 1. Lala Hardayal Armoury raid B. Kakori Conspiracy 2. Jatin Das C. Lahore Conspiracy 3. Surya Sen D. Ghadar Party 4. Ram Prasad Bismil 5. Vasudeo Phadke

#47. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [1997] List-I List-II A. Surat Split 1. 1929 B. Communal Award 2. 1928 C. All Party Convention 3. 1932 D. Poorna Swaraj 4. 1907 Resolution 5. 1905

#48. The Poona Pact which was signed between the British Government and Mahatma Gandhi in 1934 provided for: (1997)

#49. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists : [1997] List-I (Events) List-II (Results) A. Morley Minto 1. Country-wise agitation Reforms B. Simon Commission 2. Withdrawal of a movement C. Chauri-Chaura 3. Communal electrorates incident D. Dandi March 4. Communal outbreaks 5. Illegal manufactures of salt

#50. "A graduate at 18, professor and associate editor of the Sudharak at 20, Secretary of the Sarvajanik Sabha and of the Provincial Conference at 25, Secretary of the National Congress at 29, leading witness before an important Royal Commission at 31, Provincial legislator at 34, Imperial legislator at 36, President of the Indian National Congress at 39, a patriot whom Mahatma Gandhi himself regarded as his master". [1997] This is how a biographer describes:

#51. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [1997] List-I List-II A. Butler Committee 1. Jallianwala Bagh Report massacre B. Hurtog Committee 2. Relationship between Report the Indian State and the Paramount Power C. Hunter Inquiry 3. Working of Dyarchy as Committee Report laid down in the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms D. Muddiman 4. The growth of education Committee Report in British India and potentialities of its further progress

#52. Who among the following suggested the winding up of the Indian National Congress after India attained independence? [1996]

#53. Consider the following statements: [1996] The Non-Cooperation Movement led to : 1. Congress becoming a mass movement for the first time 2. Growth of Hindu-Muslims unity 3. Removal of fear of the British might from the minds of the people 4. British government's willingness to grant political concessions to Indians Of these statements:

#54. Match List I with II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [1996] List-I (Period) List-II (Event) A. 1883 1. Announcement of Communal Award from Whitehall B. 1906 2. Formation of the All India State Peoples Conference C. 1927 3. Foundation of Muslim League at Dacca D. 1932 4. First session of National Conference at Calcutta

#55. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer: [1996] List-I List-II A. Abhinav Bharat 1. Sri Aurobindo Ghosh Society B. Anushilan Samiti 2. Lala Hardayal C. Gadar Party 3. C.R. Das D. Swaraj Party 4. V.D. Savarkar

#56. Which one of the following is not correct' about the Cabinet Mission Plan ? (1996)

#57. Consider the following statements about Jawaharlal Nehru: [1996] 1. He was the president of the Congress Party in 1947 2. He presided over the Constituent Assembly 3. He formed the first Congress ministry in United Province before India's independence Of these statements:

#58. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer: [1996] List-I List-II A. Surendranath 1. Hind Swaraj Banerjee B. M.K. Gandhi 2. The Indian Struggle C. Subhash Chandra 3. Autobiographical Bose D. Lajpat Rai 4. A Nation in Making

#59. Who among the following was a prominent leader of the Congress Socialist Party? (1996)

#60. The meeting of Indian and British political leaders during 1930–32 in London has often been referred to as the First, Second and Third Round Table Conferences. It would be incorrect to refer to them as such because: [1996]

#61. The Anarchical and Revolutionary Crime Act (1919) was popularly known as the: [1996]

#62. B.R. Ambedkar was elected to the Constituent Assembly from: (1996)

#63. Who among the following leaders did not believe in the drain theory of Dadabhai Naoroji ? (1996)

#64. Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Assertion (A): The British sovereignty continued to exist in free India. Reason (R): The British sovereign appointed the last Governor General of free India. In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct?

#65. Which one of the following first mooted the idea of a constituent assembly to frame a constitution for India? [1996]

#66. The Sarabandi (no tax) campaign of 1922 was led by: (1996)

#67. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched? [1995]

#68. In 1930, Mahatma Gandhi started Civil Disobedience Movement from: (1995)

#69. The Barrah dacoity was the first major venture of the revolutionary terrorists of the freedom movement in: (1995)

#70. What is the correct sequence of the following events? 1. The Lucknow Pact [1995] 2. The Introduction on Dyarchy 3. The Rowlatt Act 4. The Partition of Bengal

#71. Which one of the following was an emigre communist journal of M.N. Roy? (1995)

#72. The radical wing of the Congress Party with Jawaharlal Nehru as one of its main leaders, founded the Independence for India League in opposition to : (1995)

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