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UPSC Previous Year question paper – 1995-2000- Biology

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PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTION PAPERS

UPSC previous year question paper of subject Agriculture in the National Economy from the year 1995-2000 with answers.

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#1. A small pouch containing silica gel is often found in bottles of medicine in tablet or powder form because silica gel [2000]

#2. The sensation of fatigue in the muscles after prolonged strenuous physical work is caused by [2000]

#3. Match List-I (Endocrine glands) with List-II (Hormones secreted) and select the correct answer using the codes given below: [2000] List-I List-II A. Gonads 1. Insulin B. Pituitary 2. Progesterone C. Pancreas 3. Growth hormones D. Adrenal 4. Cortisone

#4. The blood glucose level is commonly expressed as [2000]

#5. Match List-I (Disease) with List-II (Types of disease) and select the correct answer using the codes given below: [2000] List-I List-II A. Haemophilia 1. Deficiency disease B. Diabetes 2. Genetic disease C. Rickets 3. Hormonal disorder D. Ringworm 4. Fungal infection

#6. At which stage in its life cycle, does the silk worm yield the fibre of commerce? [2000]

#7. Assertion (A) : In human being, the females play a major role in determining the sex of the offspring. Reason (R) : Women have two ‘X’ chromosomes. [2000] Codes :

#8. Lathyrism is caused by excessive consumption of [1999]

#9. Which one of the following genetic diseases is sex-linked? [1999]

#10. Match List-I (Drugs/Chemicals) with List -II (Their uses) and select the correct answer using the codes given below [1999] List-I List-II A. Atropine 1. Local anaesthesia B. Ether 2. Heart trouble C. Nitroglycerine 3. Dilation of pupil D. Pyrethrin 4. Mosquito control

#11. Match the hormones in List-I with items in List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below: [1999] List- I List-II A. Adrenaline 1. Anger, fear, danger B. Estrogen 2. Attracting partners through sense of smell C. Insulin 3. Females D. Pheromones 4. Glucose

#12. In eye donation, which one of the following parts of donor’s eye is utilized? [1999]

#13. When ants bite, they inject [1999]

#14. Endoscopy, a technique used to explore the stomach or other inner parts of the body is based on the phenomenon of (a) total internal reflection [1999]

#15. Haemophilia is a genetic disorder which leads to [1998]

#16. Match List-I with List-II and select the answer using the codes given below: [1998] List-I List-II (Disease) (Organism) A. Malaria 1. Fungi B. Poliomyelitis 2. Bacteria C. Tuberculosis 3. Virus D. Ringworm 4. Protozoan

#17. Consumption of fish is considered to be healthy when compared to flesh of other animals because fish contains (1998)

#18. The complete conversion of glucose, in the presence of oxygen, into carbon dioxide and water with release of energy is called [1998]

#19. A tree species in Mauritius failed to reproduce because of the extinction of a fruit-eating bird. Which one of the following was that bird? [1998]

#20. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [1998] List-I List-II A. Theory of mutation 1. Beadle and Tatum B. Theory of evolution 2. Jacob and Monad C. One gene one enzyme 3. Darwin hypothesis D. Operon concept 4. de Vries

#21. Examine the following three statements: [1998] 1. Processed meat is a perishable food 2. All perishable foods are packed in sealed tins 3. Sealed tins sometimes do not contain processed meat Which one of the following inferences can be drawn from the above statements?

#22. The sequencing of the entire genome (the totality of all genes) of an organism was completed in 1996. The organism was: [1997]

#23. Antigen is a substance which [1997]

#24. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below: [1997] List- I List-II A. Malaria 1. Bone marrow B. Filaria 2. Brain C. Encephalitis 3. Muscle D. Leukaemia 4. Lymph node 5. Blood cells

#25. Daily intake of proteins, recommended for a moderately active woman is [1997]

#26. Arteries supplying blood to the heart are called [1997]

#27. The major component of honey is [1997]

#28. What is the average fat content of buffalo milk? [1997]

#29. Alpha-keratin is a protein, present in [1997]

#30. Corpus luteum is a mass of cells found in [1997]

#31. Oxygen transportation in a human body takes place through [1997] 1. Blood 2. Lungs 3. Tissue The correct sequence of transportation is

#32. Oxygen transportation in a human body takes place through [1997] 1. Blood 2. Lungs 3. Tissue The correct sequence of transportation is

#33. The pituitary gland by virtue of its tropic hormones controls the secretaoy activity of other endocrine glands. Which one of the following endocrine gland can function independent of the pituitary gland? [1997]

#34. The major chemical compound found in kidney stones is : [1996]

#35. Fat present below the skin surface in our body, acts as a barrier against [1996]

#36. Besides proteins and carbohydrates, other elements of nutritional value found in milk, include [1996]

#37. People drinking water from a shallow hand pump, are likely to suffer from all of the following diseases except [1996]

#38. Which of the following would lead to malnutrition? [1996] 1. Overnutrition 2. Undernutrition 3. Imbalanced nutrition Select the correct answer by using the codes given below Codes:

#39. Consider the following statements. [1996] AIDS -is transmitted 1. By sexual intercourse 2. By blood transfusion 3. By mosquitoes and other blood sucking insects 4. Across the placenta

#40. Which of the following are associated with Diabetes mellitus, a common disease in adults ? [1996] 1. Higher sugar level in blood 2. Lower sugar level in blood 3. Lower insulin level in blood 4. Higher insulin level in blood Select the correct answer by using the codes given below: Codes:

#41. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below: [1996] List- I List-II A. Vitamin 1. Pepsin B. Enzyme 2. Carotene C. Hormone 3. Keratin D. Protein 4. Progesterone Codes:

#42. The nutritional deficiency condition that needs to be given top priority for remedial action in India today is [1996]

#43. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the disease which causes the death of the largest number of people today is

#44. “It begins as a single cell and grows into a merciless disease that claims millions of lives year after year. But scientists are steadily unlocking its mysteries and the fight against it, may now have reached a dramatic turning point. New discoveries promise better therapies and hope in the war against....". The disease referred to in the above quotation is [1995]

#45. By Weaving threads of physics, chemistry and biology into a rich tapestry, this remarkable scientist provided a unifying molecular view of the world. He touted the wonderful properties of Vitamin C, first as a cure of common cold and later as preventing agent against cancer.” One of science’s major figures of all time referred to above is [1995]

#46. Which one of the following hormones contains iodine? [1995]

#47. Which of the following elements are present in all proteins? [1995] 1. Carbon 2. Hydrogen 3. Oxygen 4. Nitrogen

#48. The normal temperature of human on Kelvin scale is [1995]

#49. Which one of the following antimicrobial drugs, is suitable for treatment of both tuberculosis and leprosy? [1995]

#50. Which one of the following is a membrane that protects the developing embryo from desiccation? [1995]

#51. A person with ‘AB’ blood group is sometimes called a universal recipient because of the [1995]

#52. Which one of the following sets is correctly matched? [1995] (1) Diphtheria, Pneumonia and Leprosy: Hereditary (2) AIDS, Syphilis and Gonorrhoea: Bacterial (3) Colour blindness, Haemophilia and Sickle cell anaemia: Sex linked (4) Polio, Japanese B encephalitis and Plague: Viral

#53. The only snake that builds a nest is: [1995]

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