Contribution of Barindra Kumar Ghosh in the Indian Freedom Struggle

Mains, Notes

Barindra Kumar Ghosh (Barindra Ghose), commonly known as Barin Ghosh, was an Indian revolutionary and journalist. He was a founding member of the Bengali revolutionary organization Jugantar. He was the younger brother of Sri Aurobindo.

London is where Barindra Kumar Ghosh was born. He was born into a thinker’s household. He attended Deoghar School and later Patna College. After completing the admission test in 1901,

Barindra Kumar Ghosh’s Contribution to the Indian Freedom Struggle:

He had military training in Baroda. Aurobindo influenced Barin, who was captivated by the revolutionary movement during this time period (late 19th century to early 20th century).

Barin returned to Kolkata in 1902 with the help of Jatindranath Mukherjee and started organizing several revolutionary organizations in Bengal. In 1906, he created Jugantar, a revolutionary organization, and started publishing Jugantar, a Bengali weekly.


“India’s first large-scale state trial” was the “Alipore Bomb Case.”

In 1908, a revolutionary plot was devised to kill Muzaffarpur’s Chief Presidency Magistrate, D.H. Kingsford. Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki were assigned the duty.
On April 30, 1908, they tossed the explosives at a car leaving the magistrate’s residence. The magistrate could not be murdered since he was not in the car, but the assault killed two British women. After being trapped by the police, Prafulla Chaki committed suicide, and Khudi Ram Bose was detained.

The British administration imprisoned Sri Aurobindo, Barindra Kumar Ghose, and a slew of other young revolutionaries. They were found guilty of “conspiracy” or “waging war against the King,” both of which were considered high treason and carried the death penalty by hanging.

Preliminary trials at Magistrate’s Court had 1000 artifacts as evidence and 222 witnesses, followed by a trial in Sessions Court including 1438 exhibits and 206 witnesses. During this period, under-trial prisoners were arbitrarily and inhumanely imprisoned in the presidential jail (including solitary confinement).

Following a one-year hearing, Judge Beachcroft ultimately gave the judgment on May 6, 1909. Sri Aurobindo was cleared of all allegations by the Court, which cited the thin nature of the evidence against him.

Barindra Ghose, the leader of the Secret Society of Revolutionaries, and Ullaskar Dutt, a bomb builder, were condemned to death (later converted to life imprisonment), while seventeen others were sentenced to varying lengths of jail or transportation, and the remainder were acquitted.

Barin was released in 1920. He returned to Calcutta and started working as a journalist.

“This is the story of my exile, twelve years in the Andamans,” he wrote in his memoirs.

In 1923, he took a vacation from journalism to see Aurobindo Ghosh at the Sri Aurobindo Ashram in Pondicherry.

He returned to journalism in 1929 and created “The Dawn of India,” an English weekly, in 1933. In 1950, he became the editor of the Bengali daily “Dainik Basumati” after working for the newspaper “The Statesman.”

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