Uganda declares end of Ebola disease

Current Affairs

  • On 11 January 2023, the Ministry of Health (MoH) of Uganda declared the end of the Ebola disease outbreak caused by the Sudan ebolavirus that affected nine districts.
  • A total of 164 cases (142 confirmed, 22 probable) with 77 deaths (55 among confirmed cases and 22 among probable cases) were reported during the outbreak.
  • Ebola, formerly known as hemorrhagic fever, is a rare, severe, and fatal disease in humans. The Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • The first case of the disease was reported in Guinea in December 2013. Later, the disease spread to neighboring Liberia and Sierra Leone.
  • Uganda declared an outbreak of Ebola disease caused by Sudan ebolavirus on 20 September 2022, after a case at Mubende Regional Referral Hospital (MRRH) in Mubende district was confirmed by the Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI).
  • Mubende was the epicenter of the outbreak, accounting for 45% of confirmed cases (64 confirmed and 19 probable), followed by Kassandra with 35% of confirmed cases (49 confirmed and 2 probable), Kampala with 13% of confirmed cases (17 confirmed and 1 probable), Wakiso with 3% of confirmed cases (4 confirmed cases), Kyegegwa with 2% of confirmed cases (3 confirmed cases), Jinja with 1% of confirmed cases (2 confirmed cases), and Bunyangabo, Kagadi, and Masaka, which reported one confirmed case each.
  • From 20 September to 10 January 2023, a total of 4793 contacts were listed and 11 025 alerts were reported, of which 8088 (73%) were investigated and 7382 (67%) were validated as suspected cases of Ebola disease caused by Sudan ebolavirus
  • During this period, 1087 safe and dignified burials (SDB) were undertaken (all suspected deaths had to be tested and accorded an SDB), and 6681 samples were tested for Sudan ebolavirus
  • A total of 314 603 travelers were screened at international points of entry and four suspected cases of SUDV were detected, all tested negative.

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