Why in News
Himachal Pradesh is among the only three states and UTs now where sex ratio at birth continues to be below 900, the other two being Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.
What is Sex Ratio
The sex ratio is the number of females per 1000 males in a particular area at a given time.
The National Family Health Survey data for 2019-21 published recently shows the sex ratio at birth (females per 1,000 males) for kids born over five years prior to the study declined in Himachal Pradesh from 937 in NFHS 4 (2015-16) to875 in NFHS 5 (2019-2021), a drop of 62 points.
Reason For Decline
Compliance data under the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Actreveals why sex ratio at birth trends refuse to improve satisfactorily. The latest States Quarterly Report under the Act submitted to the Health Ministry Reveals that only 71,096 diagnostic facilities, including genetic counselling centres,genetic labs and clinics and ultrasound and imaging centres have been registered under the law so far.