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Red Sanders (GS-Paper-3 Environment-Important For Pre)

Current Affairs

Context

It has been now declared again as an endangered species by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature).

About

  • It is Indian endemic tree species restricted to the geographical area of eastern Ghat. 
  • This species is endemic to tract of the forest of Andhra Pradesh some patches of Tamilnadu and Karnataka.
  • It usually grows in rocky and degraded fallow land with red soil with hot and dry climate.
  • It is known for its therapeutic value and is in high demand for cosmetic and medicinal usage. It is also used for making furniture and is in high demand in the international market and it cost from rupees 50 lakh to 1 crore per Ton in the international market.

Threats

from illicit felling for smuggling, cattle grazing, forest fire, and other anthropogenic threats

Conservation status: IUCN-Endangered, CITES -Appendix II, Wildlife protection act-schedule II

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