- In India, National Newborn Week is celebrated every year from 15 to 21 November. This week aims to reinforce the importance of neonatal health as a priority area of the health sector and reduce infant mortality by improving health care conditions for infants in the neonatal period.
- The main purpose of celebrating this week is to raise awareness about the care of newborn babies.
- Every year 2.6 million babies die in the first 28 days of life; most in the first week and additional 2.6 million stillbirths occur each year.
- This year’s theme for NNW (National Newborn Week) has been chosen to ensure that every newborn is reached with quality and developmentally supportive health care services at all service delivery platforms – health facilities, community outreach sessions and homes etc.
- The neonatal period (first 28 days of life) is the most crucial and alarming period for child survival as this period carries the highest risk of deaths per day than any other period during the childhood. The first month of life is also a foundational period for lifelong health and development. Healthy ones grow into healthy adults who can thrive and contribute to their communities and societies.
Main causes of newborn deaths:-
- Complications during birth
- Severe infections
Major causes of newborn deaths in India are :-
- The major causes of newborn deaths in India are pre-maturity/preterm (35%); neonatal infections (33%); intra-partum related complications/ birth asphyxia (20%); and congenital malformations (9%).
MAA (Mothers Absolute Affection):-
- MAA (Mothers Absolute Affection) launched in 2016, is a nationwide programme for promotion of breastfeeding through health system.