India’s first Dugong Conservation Reserve notified in Tamil Nadu

Current Affairs

  • Tamil Nadu government on September 21, 2022, issued a gazette notification stating 448.34 square kilometres (44,834 hectares) of coastal waters in Palk Bay from Adirampattinam village in Thanjavur to Ammapattinam in Pudukkottai as Dugong Conservation Reserve. 
  • Tamil Nadu has rich and healthy marine biodiversity with a long coastline of 1076 km and 14 coastal districts. Various rare and endangered fishes and turtle species also live here. In the year 2021, the government announced its decision to set up the reserve.
  • Currently, there are approx 240 Dugongs in India and most of them are found on the Tamil Nadu Coast.
  • Protecting Dugongs would help improve and save the seagrass beds that are also the breeding and feeding grounds for many fishes and marine fauna. 
  • Chief Wildlife Warden, Srinivas Ramachandra Reddy, clarified traditional fishermen who depend on coastal waters for their livelihood will not be hampered with the declaration of conservation reserve.

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