India Jumps From 7th To 3rd Position In Global Scientific Output

Current Affairs

  • India has jumped to the third position in the global ranking in scientific publications, Science and Technology Minister Jitendra Singh said after a review of the functioning of the ministry.
  • Mr. Singh said that according to the National Science Foundation (NSF)’s Science & Engineering Indicators 2022 report of the United States, India’s position globally in scientific publications has improved from the seventh position in 2010 to the third position in 2020.
  • India also ranks third globally in the number of PhDs produced annually. In a similar upward trend, the number of patents granted by the India Patents Office to Indian scientists has more than doubled in just the last four years. 
  • The number of patents granted to Indian scientists in the India Patent Office (IPO) during the last three years has also increased from 2511 in 2018-19 to 4003 in 2019-20 and 5629 in 2020-21.
  • According to the Global Innovation Index (GII) 2022 brought out by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), India’s GII ranking has also improved significantly from 81st position in 2014 to 40th position in 2022.
  • In the last budget, DST received Rs 6,002 crore, which was 42 percent of the total Rs 14,217 crore fund allocated to the Ministry of Science and Technology. DSIR got Rs 5,636 crore (40%), while DBT got Rs 2,581 crore (18%).
  • Under the provision of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), the government has encouraged the corporate sector to undertake research and development where investment is allowed.
  • Corporations can invest in technology business incubators as a part of their CSR or contribute to research efforts carried out by institutes and national research laboratories.

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