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Himalayan yak accepted as food animal

Current Affairs

  • The Himalayan Yak has been accepted as a Food Animal by the scientific panel of Food Safety and Standard Authority of India(FSSAI).
  • The move is expected to help check decline in the population of the high-altitude bovine animal by making it a part of the conventional milk and meat industry.
  • Food Animals are those that are raised and used for food production or consumption by humans.

Himalayan Yak:-

  • Himalayan Yak, scientific name Bos grunniens is a species of long-haired domesticated cattle. 
  • Geographical distribution: It is found throughout the Himalayan region — Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, North Bengal, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir — while wild Yak is found in Tibet.
  • Yaks are highly valued by Himalayan peoples. According to Tibetan legend, the first yaks were domesticated by Tibetan Buddhism founder Guru Rinpoche.
  • They are also known as the lifeline of pastoral nomads in high altitudes of the Indian Himalayan region.
  • Yaks are traditionally reared under a transhumance system which is primitive, unorganised and full of hardship.
  • Yaks are most comfortable above 14,000 feet.
  • The Yak population in the country is decreasing at an alarming rate over the years. According to the 2019 Census, India had some 58,000 Yaks, marking a drop of about 25% from the last livestock Census conducted in 2012.

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