Global Food Security Index (GFSI) Report 2022

Current Affairs

  • The 2022 Global Food Security Index (GFSI) report was released by the British weekly The Economist.
  • The 11th Global Food Security Index shows a deterioration in the global food environment for the third year, threatening food security. In this report, South Africa overtook Tunisia to become the most food-secure country in Africa.
  • In 2022, 8 of the top 10 performing countries are in Europe, with Finland topping the list with a score of 83.7. It is followed by Ireland (scoring 81.7) and Norway (scoring 80.5).
  • These countries have scored high on all 4 pillars of GFSI. The non-European countries in the top 10 list are Japan and Canada.
  • The gap between the top performing countries and the lower ranked countries has been widening since 2019, revealing the inequality in the global food system.
  • South Africa, ranked 59th, was recognized as the most food-secure country in Africa. It made a record jump from 70th rank in 2021.
  • This is due to various global challenges to the country’s agricultural sector, such as climate change, Ukraine war, deteriorating global food environment, making it vulnerable to shocks.
  • In this report, South Africa overtook Tunisia to become the most food-secure country in Africa. The second best performing country in Africa is Tunisia at 62nd position.
  • India is ranked at 68th position along with Algeria with the overall score of 58.9. China’s position is at 25th with the score of 74.2.
  • India was ranked at 71st position in the Global Food Security (GFS) Index 2021 of 113 countries with an overall score of 57.2 points on the GFS Index 2021.

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