- In a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court upheld by a 3-2 majority the Constitution (One Hundred and Third Amendment) Act, 2019 introducing 10 percent reservation for the economically weaker sections (EWS) among the unreserved categories in admissions and government jobs.
- Chief Justice U.U. Lalit said there are four different judgments on pleas challenging the EWS quota. Justice Dinesh Maheshwari, who read the judgment for himself, said the 103rd constitutional amendment cannot be said to breach the basic structure of the Constitution.
- Justice Bela M. Trivedi said the 103rd constitutional amendment cannot be struck down on grounds of being discriminatory. Justice J.B. Pardiwala concurred with their views and upheld the validity of the amendment.
- Justice S. Ravindra Bhat, in a minority view, dissented and struck down the constitutional amendment on EWS quota. CJI Lalit concurred with the view of Justice Bhat.
- The majority view, as enunciated by one of the five judges of the Constitution Bench, described reservation as “an instrument not only for inclusion of socially and educationally backward classes to the mainstream of society, but also for the inclusion of any class or section so disadvantaged”.
10% reservation under EWS quota will continue
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